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{{Infobox person

|name            = Amy Winehouse

|image           = File:Amy Winehouse Kidney 2008.jpg

|image_size      = 230px

|alt             = Winehouse looking to the side

|caption         = Winehouse in July 2008

|birth_name      = Amy Jade Winehouse

|birth_date      = {{birth date|df=yes|1983|9|14}}

|birth_place     = [[Southgate, London|Southgate]], London, England, United Kingdom

|death_date      = {{death date and age|df=yes|2011|7|23|1983|9|14}}

|death_place     = [[Camden Town|Camden, London]], England, United Kingdom

|death_cause     = [[Alcohol intoxication|Alcohol poisoning]]

|resting_place   = [[Jewish Cemeteries in London|Edgwarebury Cemetery]], [[Edgware|Edgware, London]]

|occupation      = {{hlist|Singer|songwriter}}

|years_active    = 2003–2011

|spouse          = {{marriage|Blake Fielder-Civil|2007|2009|reason=divorced}}

|partner         = {{unbulleted list|[[Alex Clare]] (2006–07)|[[Reg Traviss]] (2010–11; her death)}}

|module          = {{Infobox musical artist|embed=yes

|background      = solo_singer

|genre           = {{hlist|[[Soul music|Soul]]|[[blue-eyed soul]]|[[neo soul]]|[[rhythm and blues]]|[[jazz]]|}}

|instrument      = {{hlist|Vocals|guitar|drums}}

|label           = {{hlist|[[Island Records|Island]]|[[Lioness Records|Lioness]]|[[Universal Republic Records|Universal Republic]]|[[Republic Records|Republic]]}}

|associated_acts = {{hlist|[[Tony Bennett]]|[[Dionne Bromfield]]|[[Sharon Jones & The Dap-Kings|The Dap-Kings]]|[[Tyler James (English musician)|Tyler James]]|[[Mark Ronson]]}}

|website         = {{URL|AmyWinehouse.com}}

}}

}}

'''Amy Jade Winehouse''' (14 September 1983 – 23 July 2011) was an English singer and songwriter. She was known for her deep, expressive [[contralto]] vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including [[Soul music|soul]]<ref>Caulfield, Keith (23 July 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/480976/amy-winehouses-death-led-to-surge-in-sales-chart-moves |title= Amy Winehouse's Death Led to Surge in Sales, Chart Moves |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130127232308/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/480976/amy-winehouses-death-led-to-surge-in-sales-chart-moves |archivedate= 27 January 2013}}. ''[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]]''.</ref><ref>Vozick-Levinson, Simon (9 September 2010). {{cite web|url= http://music-mix.ew.com/2010/09/09/amy-winehouse-quincy-jones/ |title= Amy Winehouse to sing 'It's My Party' for Quincy Jones |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006112559/http://music-mix.ew.com/2010/09/09/amy-winehouse-quincy-jones/ |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. ''[[Entertainment Weekly]]''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.avclub.com/article/amy-winehouses-comeback-tour-going-about-as-well-a-57799 |title= Amy Winehouse's comeback tour going about as well as you'd expect |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006110523/http://www.avclub.com/article/amy-winehouses-comeback-tour-going-about-as-well-a-57799 |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. ''[[The A.V. Club]]''. [[The Onion]].</ref> (sometimes labelled as [[blue-eyed soul]] and [[neo soul]]),<ref>Cairns, Dan. {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5597699.ece |title= Blue-eyed soul: Encyclopedia of Modern Music |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110616203103/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5597699.ece |archivedate= 16 June 2011}}. ''[[The Sunday Times]]''.</ref><ref>{{cite magazine|first= Chris |last= Lee |title= Amy Winehouse's boyfriend blasts new documentary 'Amy' as a 'slur upon her' |magazine= Entertainment Weekly |date= 2 July 2015 |accessdate= 14 August 2015 |url= http://www.ew.com/article/2015/07/02/amy-winehouse-boyfriend-blasts-amy}}</ref> [[rhythm and blues]],<ref>Dave De Sylvia (15 January 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.sputnikmusic.com/review/10730/Amy-Winehouse-Back-To-Black |title= Amy Winehouse – Back to Black |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130227015340/http://www.sputnikmusic.com/review/10730/Amy-Winehouse-Back-To-Black |archivedate= 27 February 2013}}. [[Sputnikmusic]].</ref><ref>[[Ann Powers|Powers, Ann]] (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2011/07/25/138640210/amy-winehouse-british-retro-soul-singer-has-died |title= Remembering Retro-Soul Singer Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110725232813/http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2011/07/25/138640210/amy-winehouse-british-retro-soul-singer-has-died |archivedate= 25 July 2011}}. [[NPR Music]].</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://edition.cnn.com/2011/OPINION/07/23/seymour.winehouse/ |title= Winehouse, a voice in control of her art, but little else |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006095110/http://edition.cnn.com/2011/OPINION/07/23/seymour.winehouse/ |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. [[CNN]].</ref> and [[jazz]].<ref name="Frank"/><ref>McVeigh, Tracy (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/jul/23/amy-winehouse-singer-death-London |title= Amy Winehouse: 'She was a sweet, tiny thing with this huge great voice' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131005141908/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/jul/23/amy-winehouse-singer-death-London |archivedate= 5 October 2013}}. ''[[The Guardian]]''.</ref> Winehouse's debut album, ''[[Frank (Amy Winehouse album)|Frank]]'' (2003), was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the [[Mercury Prize]]. Her follow-up album, ''[[Back to Black]]'' (2006), led to five [[50th Annual Grammy Awards|2008 Grammy Awards]], tying the then [[Grammy Award records#Most Grammys won by a female artist in one night|record for the most wins by a female artist in a single night]], and made her the first British woman to win five Grammys,<ref name="Grammy">{{cite web|url= http://www.today.com/id/23100297/ns/today-entertainment/t/winehouse-dominates-grammys-wins/ |title= Winehouse dominates Grammys with 5 wins |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130518235831/http://www.today.com/id/23100297/ns/today-entertainment/t/winehouse-dominates-grammys-wins/ |archivedate= 18 May 2013}}. [[Today (U.S. TV program)|Today Music]]. [[Associated Press]]. 2 November 2008.</ref><ref>Winehouse, Alex (13 February 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3359759.ece |title= Amy Winehouse's brother on her return to form |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110809090849/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3359759.ece |archivedate= 9 August 2011}}. ''The Sunday Times''.</ref> including three of the [[General Field "Big Four" Grammy Award]]s: [[2008 General Field "Big Four" Grammy Award|Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year]].


Winehouse won three [[Ivor Novello Awards]]: in 2004, Best Contemporary Song for "[[Stronger Than Me]]"; in 2007, Best Contemporary Song again, this time for "[[Rehab (Amy Winehouse song)|Rehab]]"; and in 2008, Best Song Musically and Lyrically for "[[Love Is a Losing Game]]." She also won the [[2007 Brit Award]] for Best British Female Artist, having been nominated for Best British Album, with ''Back to Black''.


Winehouse died of [[Alcohol intoxication|alcohol poisoning]] on 23 July 2011, [[27 Club|aged 27]]. Her album ''Back to Black'' posthumously became, for a time, the UK's best-selling album of the 21st century.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14660787 |title= Amy Winehouse's Back to Black sets chart record |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110826030839/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14660787 |archivedate= 26 August 2011}}. [[BBC News]]. 25 August 2011.</ref>


==Early life==

Amy Winehouse was born in [[Chase Farm Hospital]], in north London, to [[Jews|Jewish]] parents.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=xiii}} Her father, Mitchell "Mitch" Winehouse, was a window panel installer<ref name="Mitch"/> and then a taxi driver; and her mother, Janis Winehouse (née Seaton),<ref>Senior, Amy (25 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://mancunianmatters.co.uk/content/2507806-death-amy-winehouse-spurs-mourning-among-friends-family-and-fans-music-world-loses-t |title= Death of Amy Winehouse spurs mourning among friends, family and fans as music world loses troubled star |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120905135718/http://mancunianmatters.co.uk/content/2507806-death-amy-winehouse-spurs-mourning-among-friends-family-and-fans-music-world-loses-t |archivedate= 5 September 2012}}. Mancunian Matters.</ref> was a pharmacist.<ref>Sullivan, Caroline (24 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/jul/23/amy-winehouse-obituary |title= Amy Winehouse obituary |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130922202713/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/jul/23/amy-winehouse-obituary |archivedate= 22 September 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> Winehouse's ancestors were Russian and Polish Jewish immigrants to London. Amy had an older brother, Alex (born 1979),<ref name="DD">Eliscu, Jenny (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/the-diva-and-her-demons-rolling-stones-2007-amy-winehouse-cover-story-20110723 |title= The Diva and Her Demons: Rolling Stone's 2007 Amy Winehouse Cover Story |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110725013229/http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/the-diva-and-her-demons-rolling-stones-2007-amy-winehouse-cover-story-20110723 |archivedate= 25 July 2011}}.</ref> and the family lived in London's [[Southgate, London|Southgate]] area,{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=xiii}} where she attended Osidge Primary School.<ref name="Alex"/> Winehouse as a child attended a Jewish Sunday school.<ref name="amyw1">{{cite news|first= Anshel |last= Pfeffer |title= Remembering Amy Winehouse as the Jew She Was Not |newspaper= [[Haaretz]] |date= 9 July 2013 |accessdate= 5 July 2017 |url= http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/features/.premium-1.534765}}</ref> After she rose to fame, during an interview she expressed her dismissal towards the school by saying that she used to beg her father to allow her not to go and that she learned nothing about being Jewish by going anyway.<ref>{{cite web|first= Sara |last= Weissman |title= 5 Facts About Amy Winehouse's Jewish Roots |website= [[HuffPost]] |date= 23 July 2015 |accessdate= 5 July 2017 |url= http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/amy-winehouse-jewish_us_55b1319ae4b08f57d5d3f5df}}</ref> In the same interview, Winehouse said she only went to a synagogue once a year on [[Yom Kippur]] "out of respect".<ref name="amyw1"/>


Many of Winehouse's maternal uncles were professional jazz musicians.<ref>{{cite web|first= Cyril |last= Cordor |title= Amy Winehouse – Artist Biography |url= http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amy-winehouse-mn0000627026/biography |publisher= [[AllMusic]]. [[All Media Network]] |accessdate= 31 May 2014}}</ref> Amy's paternal grandmother, Cynthia, was a singer and dated the English jazz saxophonist [[Ronnie Scott]].<ref name="C&D">Mulholland, Garry (31 January 2004). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2004/feb/01/popandrock.amywinehouse |title= Charmed and dangerous |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131222154527/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2004/feb/01/popandrock.amywinehouse |archivedate= 22 December 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> She and Amy's parents influenced Amy's interest in jazz.<ref name="C&D"/> Her father, Mitch, often sang [[Frank Sinatra]] songs to her, and whenever she got chastised at school, she would sing "[[Fly Me to the Moon]]" before going up to the headmistress to be told off.<ref>Nissim, Mayer (13 July 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.digitalspy.com/music/news/a393206/amy-winehouse-music-playlist-mitch-chooses-the-songs-of-amys-life/ |title= Exclusive: Amy Winehouse music playlist: Mitch chooses the songs of Amy's life |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140714172058/http://www.digitalspy.com/music/news/a393206/amy-winehouse-music-playlist-mitch-chooses-the-songs-of-amys-life/ |archivedate= 14 July 2014}}. [[Digital Spy]]. [[Hearst Corporation|Hearst Magazines UK]].</ref> Winehouse's parents separated when she was nine,<ref>Sturges, Fiona (25 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/amy-winehouse-singer-who-won-the-hearts-of-millions-but-was-unable-to-overcome-her-dependency-on-drink-and-drugs-2319847.html |title= Amy Winehouse: Singer who won the hearts of millions but was unable to overcome her dependency on drink and drugs |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110919085242/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/amy-winehouse-singer-who-won-the-hearts-of-millions-but-was-unable-to-overcome-her-dependency-on-drink-and-drugs-2319847.html |archivedate= 19 September 2011}}. ''[[The Independent]]''.</ref> and she lived with her mother and stayed with her father and his girlfriend in [[Hatfield Heath]], Essex, on weekends.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=12}}


In 1992, her grandmother Cynthia suggested that Amy attend the [[Susi Earnshaw Theatre School]], where she went on Saturdays to further her vocal education and to learn to tap dance.<ref name="RS">Sandall, Robert (27 July 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4383952.ece |title= Can Amy Winehouse be saved? |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081007024633/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4383952.ece |archivedate= 7 October 2008}}. ''The Sunday Times Magazine''.</ref>{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=15}} She attended the school for four years and founded a short-lived rap group called Sweet 'n' Sour, with Juliette Ashby, her childhood friend,<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.askmen.com/celebs/women/singer_300/367_amy_winehouse.html |title= Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080825042950/http://www.askmen.com/celebs/women/singer_300/367_amy_winehouse.html |archivedate= 25 August 2008}}. [[AskMen]].</ref> before seeking full-time training at [[Sylvia Young Theatre School]]. Winehouse was allegedly expelled at 14 for "not applying herself" and also for piercing her nose.<ref name="DD"/><ref>Roussoulis, Henrietta (18 January 2004). {{cite web|url= https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/amy-winehouse-the-q-interview-573704.html |title= Amy Winehouse: The Q interview |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090404061547/http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/amy-winehouse-the-q-interview-573704.html |archivedate= 4 April 2009}}. ''[[The Independent|The Independent on Sunday]]''.</ref> [[Sylvia Young]] has denied this—"She changed schools at 15...I've heard it said she was expelled; she wasn't. I'd never have expelled Amy"<ref>Young, speaking to Adrian Goldberg on Radio 5 Live, 23 July 2011</ref>—as has Mitch Winehouse.<ref name="Mitch">{{harvnb|Winehouse, Mitch|2012}}</ref> She also appeared in an episode of ''[[The Fast Show]]'', 1997, with other children from the Sylvia Young School<ref>{{IMDb title|title= The Fast Show Episode No. 3.2|id=0578178}}</ref> and later attended the [[The Mount School, Mill Hill|Mount School]], [[Mill Hill]]; the [[BRIT School]] in [[Selhurst]], [[Croydon]]; Osidge JMI School and then [[Ashmole Academy|Ashmole School]].<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/8656986/Amy-Winehouse-1983-2011.html |title= Amy Winehouse: 1983–2011 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110726091600/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/8656986/Amy-Winehouse-1983-2011.html |archivedate= 26 July 2011}}. ''[[The Daily Telegraph]]''.</ref><ref>Braddock, Kevin (28 January 2007). {{cite web|url= https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/fame-academy-the-brit-school-433652.html |title= Fame Academy: The Brit School |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080509071055/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/fame-academy-the-brit-school-433652.html |archivedate= 9 May 2008}}. ''The Independent''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://hidden-london.com/osidge.html |title= Osidge, ''Barnet'' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20060614131130/http://hidden-london.com/osidge.html |archivedate= 14 June 2006}}. Hidden London.</ref>


==Musical career==


===Early career===

After toying around with her brother Alex's guitar, Winehouse bought her own when she was 14 and began writing music a year later. Soon after, she began working for a living, including, at one time, as an entertainment journalist for the [[World Entertainment News Network]], in addition to singing with local group the Bolsha Band.<ref name="DD"/><ref>Winehouse, Amy. {{cite web|url= http://www.accessallareas.net.au/artists/Amy_Winehouse.php |title= Amy Winehouse – Interview |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080215071733/http://www.accessallareas.net.au/artists/Amy_Winehouse.php |archivedate= 15 February 2008}}. Access All Areas.</ref> In July 2000, she became the featured female vocalist with the [[National Youth Jazz Orchestra]]; her influences were to include [[Sarah Vaughan]] and [[Dinah Washington]],<ref>{{cite web|url= http://londonjazz.blogspot.com/2011/07/amy-winehouse-and-nyjo-photos-and.html |title= Amy Winehouse and NYJO – photos and a tribute |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110918022448/http://londonjazz.blogspot.com/2011/07/amy-winehouse-and-nyjo-photos-and.html |archivedate= 18 September 2011}}. Londonjazz.blogspot.com. 25 July 2011.</ref> the latter of whom she was already listening to at home.<ref name="C&D"/> Amy's best friend, soul singer [[Tyler James (English musician)|Tyler James]], sent her demo tape to an [[Artists and repertoire|A&R]] person.<ref name="C&D"/> Winehouse signed to [[Simon Fuller]]'s 19 Management in 2002 and was paid £250 a week against future earnings.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=34}} While being developed by the management company, she was kept as a recording industry secret<ref name="HQ">Bouwman, Kimbel (23 February 2004). {{cite web|url= http://www.hitquarters.com/index.php3?page=intrview%2Fopar%2Fintrview_Darcus_Beese_int.html |title= Interview with DARCUS BEESE, A&R at Island for Amy Winehouse, Sugababes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120123121840/http://www.hitquarters.com/index.php3?page=intrview%2Fopar%2Fintrview_Darcus_Beese_int.html |archivedate= 23 January 2012}}.</ref> although she was a regular jazz standards singer at the Cobden Club.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=34}} Her future A&R representative at [[Island (Universal)|Island]], Darcus Beese, heard of her by accident when the manager of The Lewinson Brothers showed him some productions of his clients, which featured Winehouse as key vocalist. When he asked who the singer was, the manager told him he was not allowed to say. Having decided that he wanted to sign her, it took several months of asking around for Beese to eventually discover who the singer was. However, Winehouse had already recorded a number of songs and signed a publishing deal with EMI by this time. Incidentally, she formed a working relationship with producer [[Salaam Remi]] through these record publishers.<ref name="HQ"/>


Beese introduced Winehouse to his boss, Nick Gatfield, and the Island head shared his enthusiasm in signing the young artist. Winehouse was signed to Island, as rival interest in Winehouse had started to build to include representatives of EMI and Virgin starting to make moves. Beese told ''[[HitQuarters]]'' that he felt the reason behind the excitement, over an artist who was an atypical pop star for the time, was due to a backlash against reality TV music shows, which included audiences starved for fresh, genuine young talent.<ref name="HQ"/>


===2003–2005: Debut album ''Frank''===

[[File:Amy Winehouse 2004.jpg|thumb|upright|Winehouse performing live in July 2004]]

Winehouse's debut album, ''[[Frank (Amy Winehouse album)|Frank]]'', was released on 20 October 2003. Produced mainly by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two [[Cover version|covers]], Winehouse co-wrote every song. The album received positive reviews<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.google.com/reviews?cid=d83e260924369f43&sa=X&oi=music&ct=reviews |title= Amy Winehouse: Frank |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071109003537/http://www.google.com/reviews?cid=d83e260924369f43&sa=X&oi=music&ct=reviews |archivedate= 9 November 2007}}. [[Google News]].</ref><ref>Lindon, Beccy (16 October 2003). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2003/oct/17/jazz.shopping1 |title= Amy Winehouse, Frank |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130920100835/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2003/oct/17/jazz.shopping1 |archivedate= 20 September 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> with compliments over the "cool, critical gaze" in its lyrics<ref name="Frank">{{cite web|first= John |last= Bush |title= Amy Winehouse – Frank |url= http://www.allmusic.com/album/frank-mw0000466868 |publisher= AllMusic. All Media Network |accessdate= 4 November 2006}}</ref> and brought comparisons of her voice to [[Sarah Vaughan]],<ref>Boraman, Greg (27 November 2003). {{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/reviews/gh9x |title= Amy Winehouse Frank Review |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100421185900/http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/reviews/gh9x |archivedate= 21 April 2010}}. BBC Music.</ref> [[Macy Gray]] and others.<ref name="Frank"/>


The album entered the upper levels of the UK album chart in 2004 when it was nominated for [[Brit Awards]] in the categories of "British Female Solo Artist" and "British Urban Act." It went on to achieve [[Music recording sales certification|platinum]] sales.<ref name="AW">{{cite web|url= http://www.amywinehouse.co.uk/ |title= Amy Winehouse (official site) |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090918102401/http://www.amywinehouse.co.uk/ |archivedate= 18 September 2009}}. AmyWinehouse.co.uk.</ref>{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=55}} Later in 2004, she and Remi won the [[Ivor Novello Awards|Ivor Novello Award]] for Best Contemporary Song, for their first single together, "[[Stronger Than Me]]."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.ascap.com/eventsawards/awards/ivors/2004/ |title= ASCAP Members Honored at the Ivors |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20040628041547/http://www.ascap.com/eventsawards/awards/ivors/2004/ |archivedate= 28 June 2004}}. [[American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers]].</ref> The album was also shortlisted for the [[Mercury Prize|2004 Mercury Music Prize]]. In the same year, she performed at the [[2004 Glastonbury Festival – Jazzworld|Glastonbury Festival – Jazzworld]], the [[2004 V Festival|V Festival]] and the [[Montreal International Jazz Festival]] (7 July 2004, at the Club Soda). After the release of the album, Winehouse commented that she was "only 80 percent behind [the] album" because Island Records had over-ruled her preferences for the songs and mixes to be included.<ref name="C&D"/> Further singles from the album were "[[Take the Box]]," "[[In My Bed (Amy Winehouse song)|In My Bed]]"/"[[You Sent Me Flying]]" and "[[Fuck Me Pumps|Pumps]]"/"[[Help Yourself (Amy Winehouse song)|Help Yourself]]."


===2006–2007: international success, ''Back to Black'' and touring===

In contrast to her jazz-influenced former album, Winehouse's focus shifted to the [[girl group]]s of the 1950s and 1960s. Winehouse hired New York singer [[Sharon Jones (singer)|Sharon Jones]]'s longtime band, the [[Sharon Jones & The Dap-Kings|Dap-Kings]], to back her up in the studio and on tour.<ref>{{cite news|first= Ben |last= Sisario |title= She's Not Anybody's Backup Act |date= 29 September 2007 |newspaper= [[The New York Times]] |url= https://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/29/arts/music/29jone.html |accessdate= 13 December 2007}}</ref> Mitch Winehouse relates in ''Amy, My Daughter'' how fascinating watching her process was: her perfectionism in the studio and how she would put what she had sung on a CD and play it in his taxi outside to know how most people would hear her music.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=71}} In May 2006, Winehouse's demo tracks such as "[[You Know I'm No Good]]" and "[[Rehab (Amy Winehouse song)|Rehab]]" appeared on [[Mark Ronson]]'s New York radio show on [[East Village Radio]]. These were some of the first new songs played on the radio after the release of "Pumps" and both were slated to appear on her second album. The 11-track album, completed in five months,{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=71}} was produced entirely by Salaam Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. Ronson said in a 2010 interview that he liked working with Winehouse because she was blunt when she did not like his work.<ref>Topping, Alexandra (8 June 2010). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/jun/08/mark-ronson-duran-duran |title= Mark Ronson gets all new romantic with Duran Duran |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131031062721/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/jun/08/mark-ronson-duran-duran |archivedate= 31 October 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> She in turn thought that when they first met, he was a sound engineer and that she was expecting an older man with a beard.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=68}} Promotion of ''Back to Black'' soon began and, in early October 2006 Winehouse's official website was relaunched with a new layout and clips of previously unreleased songs.<ref name="AW"/> ''[[Back to Black]]'' was released in the UK on 30 October 2006. It went to number one on the [[UK Albums Chart]] for two weeks in January 2007, dropping then climbing back for several weeks in February. In the US, it entered at number seven on the [[Billboard 200|''Billboard'' 200]]. It was the best-selling album in the UK of 2007, selling 1.85{{nbsp}}million copies over the course of the year.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7165210.stm |title= Winehouse and Lewis head charts |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080102094440/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7165210.stm |archivedate= 2 January 2008}}. BBC News.</ref>


[[File:Amy Winehouse in 2007.jpg|thumb|upright|Winehouse at the Avalon in Boston, Massachusetts, 2007]]

The album spawned a number of hit singles. The first single released from the album was the Ronson-produced "Rehab." The song reached the top ten in the UK and the US.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.officialcharts.com/artist/812/AMY%20WINEHOUSE/ |title= Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20150528144624/http://www.officialcharts.com/artist/812/AMY%20WINEHOUSE/ |archivedate= 28 May 2015}}. [[Official Charts Company]].</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amy-winehouse-mn0000627026/awards |title= Amy Winehouse – Awards |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120728003456/http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amy-winehouse-mn0000627026/awards |archivedate= 28 July 2012}}. [[AllMusic]].</ref> ''Time'' magazine named "Rehab" the Best Song of 2007. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, saying, "What she is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy" and "It's impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with production by Mark Ronson that references four decades worth of soul music without once ripping it off, and you've got the best song of 2007."<ref>Tyrangiel, Josh. {{cite web|url= http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0%2C28804%2C1686204_1686244_1690616%2C00.html |title= Top 10 Songs |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100328221031/http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0%2C28804%2C1686204_1686244_1690616%2C00.html |archivedate= 28 March 2010}}. ''[[Time (magazine)|Time]]''.</ref> The album's second single and lead single in the US, "You Know I'm No Good," was released in January 2007 with a [[remix]] featuring rap vocals by [[Ghostface Killah]]. It ultimately reached number 18 on the UK singles chart. The title track, "[[Back to Black (song)|Back to Black]]," was released in the UK in April 2007 and peaked at number 25, but was more successful across [[Continental Europe|mainland Europe]].<ref>{{nl icon}} {{cite web|url= http://www.ultratop.be/nl/song/4063e/Amy-Winehouse-Back-To-Black |title= Amy Winehouse – Back To Black |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006095912/http://www.ultratop.be/nl/song/4063e/Amy-Winehouse-Back-To-Black |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. [[Ultratop]].</ref> "[[Tears Dry on Their Own]]," "[[Love Is a Losing Game]]" were also released as singles, but failed to achieve the same level of success.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://acharts.us/performer/amy_winehouse |title= Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20150316070309/http://acharts.us/performer/amy_winehouse |archivedate= 16 March 2015}}. αCharts.us.</ref>


A deluxe edition of ''Back to Black'' was also released on 5 November 2007 in the UK. The bonus disc features [[A-side and B-side|B-sides]], rare, and live tracks, as well as "Valerie." Winehouse's debut DVD ''[[I Told You I Was Trouble: Live in London]]'' was released the same day in the UK and 13 November in the US. It includes a live set recorded at London's [[Shepherd's Bush Empire]] and a 50-minute documentary charting the singer's career over the previous four years.<ref>{{cite web|first= Serena |last= Gallagher |date= 2 October 2007 |title= Universal Republic Stars, Amy Winehouse and Mika, to Release Special Live DVDs in U.S. November 13 |publisher= [[Business Wire]] |url= http://www.businesswire.com/portal/site/google/index.jsp?ndmViewId=news_view&newsId=20071002006224&newsLang=en |accessdate= 13 December 2007}}</ref> ''[[Frank (Amy Winehouse album)|Frank]]'' was released in the United States on 20 November 2007 to positive reviews.<ref>{{cite news|first= Bill |last= Friskics-Warren |title= Amy Winehouse: A 'Frank' Assessment |url= https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/19/AR2007111901581.html |newspaper= [[The Washington Post]] |date= 20 November 2007 |accessdate= 13 December 2007}}</ref><ref>Toombs, Mikel (22 November 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.seattlepi.com/default/article/Listen-Up-Amy-Winehouse-s-Frank-1256420.php |title= Listen Up: Amy Winehouse's 'Frank' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110811105836/http://www.seattlepi.com/default/article/Listen-Up-Amy-Winehouse-s-Frank-1256420.php |archivedate= 11 August 2011}}. ''[[Seattle Post-Intelligencer]]''.</ref> The album debuted at number 61 on the Billboard 200 chart.<ref>Harris, Chris (28 November 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1575221/jordin-sparks-barely-cracks-billboards-top-10.jhtml |title='American Idol' Champ Jordin Sparks Fails To Ignite The Charts, Barely Cracking Billboard Top 10 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110629124000/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1575221/jordin-sparks-barely-cracks-billboards-top-10.jhtml |archivedate= 29 June 2011}}. [[MTV News]]. [[Viacom]].</ref> In addition to her own album, she collaborated with other artists on singles. Winehouse was a vocalist on the song "[[Valerie (Amy Winehouse song)|Valerie]]" on Ronson's solo album ''[[Version (album)|Version]]''. The song peaked at number two in the UK, upon its October single release. "Valerie" was nominated for a 2008 [[Brit Awards|Brit Award]] for "Best British Single."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.ilikemusic.com/urban/Mark_Ronson_feat_Amy_Winehouse_Valerie-4184 |title= Mark Ronson feat. Amy Winehouse – Valerie |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071027053119/http://www.ilikemusic.com/urban/Mark_Ronson_feat_Amy_Winehouse_Valerie-4184 |archivedate= 27 October 2007}}. I Like Music. 27 October 2007.</ref><ref>Colothan, Scott (26 November 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.hiphop-elements.com/article/read/4/9792/1/ |title= Leona Lewis Does The Chart Double Again |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071205175032/http://www.hiphop-elements.com/article/read/4/9792/1/ |archivedate= 5 December 2007}}. HipHop-Elements.com.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.ilikemusic.com/urban/Amy_Winehouse_I_Told_You_I_Was_Trouble_Documentary-4205 |title= Amy Winehouse – I Told You I Was Trouble – Documentary & Live Concert DVD |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071028153917/http://www.ilikemusic.com/urban/Amy_Winehouse_I_Told_You_I_Was_Trouble_Documentary-4205 |archivedate= 28 October 2007}}. I Like Music. 28 October 2007.</ref> Her work with ex-[[Sugababes|Sugababe]] [[Mutya Buena]], "[[B Boy Baby]]," was released on 17 December 2007. It served as the fourth single from Buena's debut album, ''[[Real Girl]]''.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.egigs.co.uk/index.php?a=12040 |title= Brit Awards nominations go pop! |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080206162855/http://www.egigs.co.uk/index.php?a=12040 |archivedate= 6 February 2008}}. eGigs.co.uk. 14 January 2008.</ref> Winehouse was also in talks of working with [[Missy Elliott]] for her album, ''[[Block Party (album)|Block Party]]''.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.showbizspy.com/article/70356/missy-elliott-still-keen-to-work-with-amy-winehouse.html |title= Missy Elliott Still Keen To Work With Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120318120106/http://www.showbizspy.com/article/70356/missy-elliott-still-keen-to-work-with-amy-winehouse.html |archivedate= 18 March 2012}}. ShowbizSpy. 8 June 2008.</ref>


[[File:The Rolling Stones with Amy Winehouse at the Isle of Wight Festival 2007.JPG|thumb|left|Winehouse with [[The Rolling Stones]] at the 2007 Isle of Wight Festival]]

Winehouse toured in conjunction with the ''Back to Black'' album's release, performing headliners in September and November 2006, including a ''[[Little Noise Sessions]]'' charity concert at the [[Union Chapel, Islington|Union Chapel]] in [[Islington]], North London. On 31 December 2006, Winehouse appeared on [[Jools Holland]]'s [[Hootenanny (UK TV series)|Annual Hootenanny]] live on the BBC and performed a cover of [[Marvin Gaye]]'s "[[I Heard It Through the Grapevine]]" along with [[Paul Weller]] and Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra. She also performed [[Toots and the Maytals]]' "Monkey Man". She began a run of another fourteen gigs beginning in February 2007. At his request, Hollywood star [[Bruce Willis]] introduced Winehouse before her performance of "Rehab" at the [[2007 MTV Movie Awards]] in Universal City, California. She had made awards organizers nervous when she went on a [[Las Vegas Valley|Las Vegas]] jaunt in the hours before the show.<ref>Ditzian, Eric (27 May 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1612222/amy-winehouse-barely-made-it-2007-movie-awards-stage.jhtml |title= Amy Winehouse Barely Made It To 2007 MTV Movie Awards Performance |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120426151006/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1612222/amy-winehouse-barely-made-it-2007-movie-awards-stage.jhtml |archivedate= 26 April 2012}}. MTV. Viacom.</ref> During the summer of 2007, she performed at various festivals, including the [[Isle of Wight Festival 2007|Isle of Wight Festival]] and [[Glastonbury Festival]] in England, [[Lollapalooza]] festival in Chicago, Belgium's [[Rock Werchter]] and [[Virgin Festival|Virgin Music Festival]] in [[Baltimore]].<ref>Wilkes, Neil (24 June 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/showbiz/news/a62574/winehouse-camps-in-style-at-glastonbury.html |title= Winehouse camps in style at Glastonbury |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110807090153/http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/showbiz/news/a62574/winehouse-camps-in-style-at-glastonbury.html |archivedate= 7 August 2011}}. Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK.</ref>


The rest of her tour, however, did not go as well. In November 2007 the opening night of a 17-date tour was marred by booing and walkouts at the [[National Indoor Arena]] in Birmingham. A critic for the ''[[Birmingham Mail]]'' said it was "one of the saddest nights of my life...I saw a supremely talented artist reduced to tears, stumbling around the stage and, unforgivably, swearing at the audience."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://icbirmingham.icnetwork.co.uk/wow/music/archive/tm_method%3Dfull%26objectid%3D20110830%26siteid%3D50002-name_page.html |title= Amy Winehouse Birmingham show ends in chaos |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081207074536/http://icbirmingham.icnetwork.co.uk/wow/music/archive/tm_method%3Dfull%26objectid%3D20110830%26siteid%3D50002-name_page.html |archivedate= 7 December 2008}}. ''WOW Magazine''. 15 November 2007.</ref> Other concerts ended similarly, with, for example, fans at her [[Hammersmith Apollo]] performance in London saying that she "looked highly intoxicated throughout,"<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/32732 |title= Amy Winehouse fans revolt after shambolic gig |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071128145104/http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/32732 |archivedate= 28 November 2007}}. ''[[NME]]''. 26 November 2007.</ref> until she announced on 27 November 2007, that her performances and public appearances were cancelled for the remainder of the year, citing her doctor's advice to take a complete rest. A statement issued by concert promoter [[Live Nation Entertainment|Live Nation]] blamed "the rigours involved in touring and the intense emotional strain that Amy has been under in recent weeks" for the decision.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7115689.stm |title= Amy Winehouse scraps all concerts |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071129213427/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7115689.stm |archivedate= 29 November 2007}}. BBC News. 27 November 2007.</ref> Mitch Winehouse wrote about her nervousness before public performances in his 2012 book, ''Amy, My Daughter.''{{sfn|Winehouse|2012}}


===2008: Continued success and acclaim===

[[File:Amy Winehouse -Virgin Festival, Pimlico, Baltimore, Maryland-4August2007.jpg|thumb|upright|right|Winehouse performing at the Virgin Festival, Pimlico, Baltimore in 2007]]

On 13 January 2008, ''Back to Black'' held the number-one position on the ''Billboard'' Pan European charts for the third consecutive week.<ref>Sexton, Paul (14 January 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/1046827/macdonald-bumps-radiohead-from-uk-album-chart |title= Macdonald Bumps Radiohead From U.K. Album Chart |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130723064440/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/1046827/macdonald-bumps-radiohead-from-uk-album-chart |archivedate= 23 July 2013}}. ''Billboard''.</ref> On 20 February 2008, Winehouse performed at the [[2008 Brit Awards]], performing "Valerie" with Mark Ronson, followed by "Love Is a Losing Game." She urged the crowd to "make some noise for my Blake."<ref>{{cite press release|first= Jill |last= Lawless |date= 20 February 2008 |title= Winehouse, McCartney Play at Brit Awards |url= https://www.webcitation.org/5VlXm14MZ?url=http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hUifaa_fD6Et8zYX9iWIbPHwPBwAD8UUF3185 |agency= [[Associated Press]] |accessdate= 26 December 2012}} {{cbignore}}</ref>


In February 2008, Winehouse also won [[50th Annual Grammy Awards|Grammy Awards]] in the following categories: [[Grammy Award for Record of the Year|Record of the Year]], [[Grammy Award for Song of the Year|Song of the Year]], [[Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance|Best Female Pop Vocal Performance]] for the single "Rehab," and [[Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album|Best Pop Vocal Album]]. Additionally, ''Back to Black'' was nominated for [[Grammy Award for Album of the Year|Album of the Year]].<ref>{{cite web|url= http://theenvelope.latimes.com/awards/grammys/env-2007grammys-list%2C0%2C430247.htmlstory |title= Grammy scorecard |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071214194402/http://theenvelope.latimes.com/awards/grammys/env-2007grammys-list%2C0%2C430247.htmlstory |archivedate= 14 December 2007}}. ''[[Los Angeles Times]]''. The Envelope.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.livedaily.com/news/13646.html |title= The 50th Annual Grammy Awards winners |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100107204931/http://www.livedaily.com/news/13646.html |archivedate= 7 January 2010}}. [[LiveDaily]]. 10 February 2008.</ref> Ronson's work with her won the [[Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, Non-Classical|Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, in the non-classical]] category.<ref>{{cite news|author= The Envelope |title= Production, Non-Classical; Surround Sound; Production, Classical; Classical; Music Video |url= http://theenvelope.latimes.com/awards/grammys/env-2007grammy1nom5dec05,0,4331325.htmlstory |newspaper= Los Angeles Times |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref> The singer also earned a Grammy as [[Grammy Award for Best New Artist|Best New Artist]], earning her an entry in the 2009 edition of the [[Guinness World Records|Guinness Book of World Records]] for Most Grammy Awards won by a British Female Act.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/entertainment/entertainment-catch-all/2008/09/15/now-that-s-entertaining-86908-20737280/ |title= Now That's Entertaining |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090209061029/http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/entertainment/entertainment-catch-all/2008/09/15/now-that-s-entertaining-86908-20737280/ |archivedate= 9 February 2009}}. ''[[Daily Record (Scotland)|Daily Record]]''. 15 September 2008.</ref> She ended her acceptance speech for Record of the Year with, "This is for London because Camden town ain't burning down," in reference to the [[Camden Market]] fire.<ref>Gamboa, Glenn (11 February 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.newsday.com/entertainment/music/ny-etgrammy0211%2C0%2C1561599.story |title= Amy Winehouse takes home 5 Grammy Awards |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080213213543/http://www.newsday.com/entertainment/music/ny-etgrammy0211%2C0%2C1561599.story |archivedate= 13 February 2008}}. ''[[Newsday]]''.</ref> Winehouse was forced to perform "You Know I'm No Good" and "Rehab" for the awards ceremony via satellite, as her visa approval had not been processed in time.<ref name="Mitch"/>


After the Grammys, the album's sales increased, catapulting ''Back to Black'' to number two on the US ''Billboard'' 200, after it initially peaked in the seventh position.<ref>Gamboa, Glenn (20 February 2008). {{cite web|url= http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/extendedplay/2008/02/winehouse-hanco.html |title= Winehouse, Hancock see post-Grammy bump |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080612024736/http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/extendedplay/2008/02/winehouse-hanco.html |archivedate= 12 June 2008}}. ''Los Angeles Times''. 20 February 2008.</ref> A special deluxe edition of ''Back to Black'' topped the UK album charts on 2 March 2008. Meanwhile, the original edition of the album was ranked at number 30 in its 68th week on the charts, while ''Frank'' charted at number 35.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/34822 |title= Amy Winehouse back on top of UK album chart |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080303120342/http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/34822 |archivedate= 3 March 2008}}. ''NME''. 2 March 2008.</ref>


In Paris, she performed what was described as a "well-executed 40-minute" set at the opening of a [[Fendi]] boutique in early March.<ref>{{cite press release|title= Amy Winehouse performs at Fendi opening |date= 3 March 2008 |agency= [[United Press International]] |accessdate= 28 May 2015 |url= http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/03/03/Amy_Winehouse_performs_at_Fendi_opening/UPI-79671204553055/}}</ref> By 12 March, the album had sold a total of 2,467,575 copies—318,350 copies had been sold in the previous 10 weeks—putting the album on the [[List of best-selling albums of the 2000s (decade) in the United Kingdom|UK's top-10 best-selling albums of the 21st century]] for the first time.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/35087 |title= Amy Winehouse enters biggest sellers list |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121021124259/http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/35087 |archivedate= 21 October 2012}}. ''NME''. 12 March 2008.</ref> On 7 April, ''Back to Black'' was in the top position of the pan-European charts for the sixth consecutive and thirteenth aggregate week.<ref>Sexton, Paul (7 April 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/1045945/rem-earns-eighth-uk-no-1-album |title= R.E.M. Earns Eighth U.K. No. 1 Album |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130620221121/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/1045945/rem-earns-eighth-uk-no-1-album |archivedate= 20 June 2013}}. ''Billboard''. 7 April 2008.</ref> ''Amy Winehouse – The Girl Done Good: A Documentary Review'', a 78-minute DVD, was released on 14 April 2008. The documentary features interviews with those who knew her at a young age, people who helped her achieve success, jazz music experts, and music and pop-culture specialists.<ref>Shamrow, Alisa. {{cite web|url= http://www.ugo.com/ugo/html/article/?id=18527&sectionId=54 |title= Amy Winehouse – The Girl Done Good DVD Review |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080509180605/http://www.ugo.com/ugo/html/article/?id=18527&sectionId=54 |archivedate= 9 May 2008}}. [[UGO Networks|UnderGroundOnline]].</ref><ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse – The Girl Done Good [DVD] [2008] |url= https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B0015WJC2Y |publisher= [[Amazon.com]] |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref>


At the 2008 [[Ivor Novello Awards]] in May, Winehouse became the first-ever artist to receive two nominations for the top award: best song, musically and lyrically. She won the award for "Love Is a Losing Game" and was nominated for "You Know I'm No Good."<ref>Quinn, Ben (23 May 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3987686.ece |title= Amy Winehouse misses beat for Ivor Novello award |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081123040132/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3987686.ece |archivedate= 23 November 2008}}. ''The Times''.</ref> "Rehab," a Novello winner for best contemporary song in 2006, also received a 2008 nomination for best-selling British song.<ref>Gibson, Owen (22 April 2008). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2008/apr/22/amywinehouse.awardsandprizes |title= Novello first for Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131105042529/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2008/apr/22/amywinehouse.awardsandprizes |archivedate= 5 November 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> Winehouse was also nominated for a 2008 [[MTV Europe Music Awards|MTV Europe Award]] in the "Act of the Year" category.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7640387.stm |title= MTV nods for Coldplay and Duffy |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120614044022/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7640387.stm |archivedate= 14 June 2012}}. BBC News. 29 September 2008.</ref>


Although her father, manager and various members of her touring team reportedly tried to dissuade her, Winehouse performed at the [[Rock in Rio Lisboa]] festival in Portugal in May 2008.<ref name="RS"/> Although the set was plagued by a late arrival and problems with her voice, the crowd warmed to her. In addition to her own material she performed two [[The Specials|Specials]] covers.<ref>Roberts, Alison (31 May 2008). {{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7428887.stm |title= Winehouse performs gig in Lisbon |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121015164546/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7428887.stm |archivedate= 15 October 2012}}. BBC News. 31 May 2008.</ref> Winehouse performed at [[Nelson Mandela]]'s 90th Birthday Party concert at London's [[Hyde Park, London|Hyde Park]] on 27 June,<ref>{{cite news|title= Winehouse performs at Mandela concert |agency= United Press International |date= 28 June 2008 |accessdate= 26 December 2012 |url= http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/06/28/Winehouse_performs_at_Mandela_concert/UPI-33751214626476/}}</ref> and the next day at the Glastonbury Festival.<ref>Nikkhah, Roya (29 June 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/3555424/Glastonbury-Amy-Winehouse-seems-to-scuffle-with-fan.html |title= Glastonbury: Amy Winehouse seems to scuffle with fan |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141022152300/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/3555424/Glastonbury-Amy-Winehouse-seems-to-scuffle-with-fan.html |archivedate= 22 October 2014}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref> On 12 July, at the [[Oxegen|Oxegen Festival]] in [[Republic of Ireland|Ireland]] she performed a well-received 50-minute set<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/0712/breaking38.htm |title= Flawless performance for troubled Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090717080211/http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/0712/breaking38.htm |archivedate= 17 July 2009}}. ''[[The Irish Times]]''. 7 July 2008.</ref> which was followed the next day by a 14-song set at [[T in the Park]].<ref>{{cite journal|title= Amy Winehouse makes Blake dedication at T in the Park |url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/38110 |magazine= NME |date= 13 July 2008 |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref>


On 16 August she played at the [[Staffordshire]] leg of the V Festival, and the following day played the [[Chelmsford]] leg of the festival. Organizers said that Winehouse attracted the biggest crowds of the festival. Audience reaction was reported as mixed.<ref>Youngs, Ian (18 August 2008). {{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7567238.stm |title= United front for The Verve at V |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120802062213/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7567238.stm |archivedate= 2 August 2012}}. BBC News.</ref> On 6 September, she was [[Bestival Saturday 2008|Bestival's Saturday headliner]], where her performance was described as polished—terminated by a curfew as the show running overdue, after Winehouse started an hour late—and her storming off stage.<ref>Dalton, Stephen (8 September 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/0712/breaking38.htm |title= Bestival on the Isle of Wight |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090717080211/http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2008/0712/breaking38.htm |archivedate= 17 July 2009}}. ''The Sunday Times Magazine''. 7 July 2008.</ref>


A clip of Winehouse's music was included in the "Roots and Influences" area that looked at connections between different artists at the [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame|Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex NYC]], which opened in December 2008. One thread started with [[Billie Holiday]], continued with [[Aretha Franklin]] and [[Mary J. Blige]], and then finished with Winehouse.<ref>Lustig, Jay (4 December 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.nj.com/entertainment/music/index.ssf/2008/12/annex_to_clevelands_rocknroll.html |title= Annex to Cleveland's rock'n'roll shrine opens in Manhattan |archiveurl= https://archive.is/20121015164546/http://www.nj.com/entertainment/music/index.ssf/2008/12/annex_to_clevelands_rocknroll.html |archivedate= 15 October 2012}}. ''[[The Star-Ledger]]''. [[NJ.com]].</ref>


''Back to Black'' was the world's seventh-biggest-selling album of 2008.<ref>Khan, Urmee (16 February 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/rockandjazzmusic/4640295/Coldplay-and-Duffy-among-British-acts-dominating-top-ten-global-albums-of-2008.html |title= Coldplay and Duffy among British acts dominating top ten global albums of 2008 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120218105251/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/rockandjazzmusic/4640295/Coldplay-and-Duffy-among-British-acts-dominating-top-ten-global-albums-of-2008.html |archivedate= 18 February 2012}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref> The album's sales meant that the market performance of [[Universal Music Group|Universal Music's]] recorded music division did not drop to levels experienced by the overall music market.<ref name="Times">{{cite web|url= http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/movers_and_shakers/article4656420.ece |title= Business big shot: Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110612002523/http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/movers_and_shakers/article4656420.ece |archivedate= 12 June 2011}}. ''The Sunday Times''. 2 September 2008.</ref>


===2009–2011: Final projects before death===

In a poll of US residents conducted for [[VisitBritain]] by Harris Interactive, the results of which were released in March 2009, one-fifth of those polled indicated they had listened to Winehouse's music during the previous year.<ref>{{cite press release|title= Poll: Americans embrace U.K. music |url= http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2009/03/13/Poll_Americans_embrace_UK_music/UPI-72521236999658/ |date= 13 March 2009 |agency= United Press International |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref> Winehouse performed with [[Rhythms del Mundo]] on their cover of the [[Sam Cooke]] song, "[[Cupid (Sam Cooke song)|Cupid]]", for an ''Artists Project Earth'' benefit album that was released on 13 July 2009.<ref>{{cite web|title= RDM – Classics |url= http://www.apeuk.org/music/rdm-classics |publisher= Apeuk.org |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.rhythmsdelmundo.com/classics/ |title= Rhythms Del Mundo Classic |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090616075030/http://www.rhythmsdelmundo.com/classics/ |archivedate= 16 June 2009}}. RhythmsDelmundo.com.</ref>


Winehouse and Ronson contributed a cover of [[Lesley Gore]]'s "[[It's My Party (Lesley Gore song)|It's My Party]]" to the [[Quincy Jones]] tribute album ''[[Q Soul Bossa Nostra]]'' released 9 November 2010.<ref>Ziegbe, Mawuse (8 September 2010). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1647392/20100908/winehouse_amy.jhtml |title= Amy Winehouse To Appear on Quincy Jones Tribute Album |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615131735/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1647392/20100908/winehouse_amy.jhtml |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. MTV.</ref> Winehouse and drummer [[Questlove]] of [[The Roots]] had agreed to form a group but her problems obtaining a visa delayed their working together: [[Salaam Remi]] had already created some material with Winehouse as part of the project.<ref>Ziegbe, Mawuse (2 July 2010). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1642945/20100702/ahmir__uestlove_thompson.jhtml |title= The Roots' ?uestlove Teams Up With Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100705101416/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1642945/20100702/ahmir__uestlove_thompson.jhtml |archivedate= 5 July 2010}}. MTV.</ref> According to ''[[The Times]]'', [[Universal Music]] pressed her for new material in 2008, and Winehouse as of 2 September had not been near a recording studio.<ref name="Times"/> In late October Winehouse's spokesman was quoted as saying that Winehouse had not been given a deadline to complete her third album, for which she was learning to play drums.<ref name="Nov">{{cite web|url= http://musicnews.virginmedia.com/entertainment/news/music/2008/11/03/amy_winehouses_hospital_leave |title= Amy Winehouse's hospital leave |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081208165631/http://musicnews.virginmedia.com/entertainment/news/music/2008/11/03/amy_winehouses_hospital_leave |archivedate= 8 December 2008}}. [[Virgin Media]].</ref>


[[File:Amy and zalon.jpg|thumb|right|Amy Winehouse with her band backstage, 16 March 2009]]

In May 2009 Winehouse returned to performing at a jazz festival in Saint Lucia amid torrential downpours and technical difficulties. During her set it was reported she was unsteady on her feet and had trouble remembering lyrics. She apologised to the crowd for being "bored" and ended the set in the middle of a song.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.heraldscotland.com/forgotten-lyrics-abandoned-songs-amy-winehouse-s-comeback-flops-1.826682 |title= Forgotten lyrics, abandoned songs ... Amy Winehouse's comeback flops |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140307074416/http://www.heraldscotland.com/forgotten-lyrics-abandoned-songs-amy-winehouse-s-comeback-flops-1.826682 |archivedate= 7 March 2014}}. ''[[The Herald (Glasgow)|Herald Scotland]]''.</ref><ref>Youle, Jo (9 May 2009). {{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8041586.stm |title= Winehouse gig a washout, say fans |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120801062644/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8041586.stm |archivedate= 1 August 2012}}. BBC News.</ref> To a cheering crowd on 23 August at the V festival, Winehouse sang with [[The Specials]] on their songs "You're Wondering Now" and "[[Ghost Town (The Specials song)|Ghost Town]]."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8216812.stm |title= Amy Winehouse sings at V festival |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090827005342/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8216812.stm |archivedate= 27 August 2009}}. BBC News. 23 August 2009.</ref> During her stay in [[Saint Lucia]], she also worked on new music with [[Salaam Remi]]. [[Island Records|Island]] claimed that a new album would be due in 2010 with Island co-president Darcus Beese saying, "I've heard a couple of song demos that have absolutely floored me."<ref>Youngs, Ian (9 October 2009). {{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8297718.stm |title= Amy Winehouse album 'due in 2010' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20091009101646/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8297718.stm |archivedate= 9 October 2009}}. BBC News.</ref> In July 2010, Winehouse was quoted as saying her next album would be released no later than January 2011, saying "It's going to be very much the same as my second album, where there's a lot of jukebox stuff and songs that are... just jukebox, really." Ronson said the same month however that he had not started to record the album.<ref name="Guardian">Michaels, Sean (16 July 2010). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/jul/16/amy-winehouse-new-album-2011 |title= Amy Winehouse promises new album for January 2011 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110213032404/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/jul/16/amy-winehouse-new-album-2011 |archivedate= 13 February 2011}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> She performed "Valerie" with Ronson at a movie premiere but forgot some of the song's lyrics.<ref name="Guardian"/> In October Winehouse performed a four-song set to promote her fashion line. In December 2010, she played a 40-minute concert at a [[Russian oligarch]]'s party in Moscow, the tycoon hand picking the songs.<ref>Osborn, Andrew (20 December 2010). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/8214548/Amy-Winehouse-plays-oligarchs-gig-in-Moscow.html |title= Amy Winehouse plays oligarch's gig in Moscow |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110120153232/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/8214548/Amy-Winehouse-plays-oligarchs-gig-in-Moscow.html |archivedate= 20 January 2011}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref>


During January 2011, she played five dates in Brazil, with [[opening act]]s of [[Janelle Monáe]] and [[Mayer Hawthorne]].<ref>{{cite web|url= https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/amy-winehouse-announces-oneoff-tour-in-brazil-2139247.html |title= Amy Winehouse announces one-off tour in Brazil |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20101123015252/http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/amy-winehouse-announces-oneoff-tour-in-brazil-2139247.html |archivedate= 23 November 2010}}. ''The Independent''. 20 November 2010.</ref><ref>{{pt icon}} Levino, Rodrigo (16 January 2011). {{cite web|url= http://veja.abril.com.br/noticia/celebridades/amy-winehouse-encerra-turne-no-brasil-com-show-vacilante |title= Amy Winehouse encerra turnê no Brasil com show vacilante |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110119031208/http://veja.abril.com.br/noticia/celebridades/amy-winehouse-encerra-turne-no-brasil-com-show-vacilante |archivedate= 19 January 2011}}. ''[[Veja (magazine)|Veja]]''.</ref> On 11 February 2011, Winehouse cut short a performance in [[Dubai]] following booing from the audience. Winehouse was reported to be tired, distracted and "tipsy" during the performance.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.co.uk/news/amy-winehouse/257911-amy-winehouse-booed-off-stage |title= Amy Winehouse Booed Off Stage |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120128015409/http://www.mtv.co.uk/news/amy-winehouse/257911-amy-winehouse-booed-off-stage |archivedate= 28 January 2012}}. MTV. Viacom. 13 February 2011.</ref>


On 18 June 2011, Winehouse started her twelve-leg 2011 European tour in [[Belgrade]]. Local media described her performance as a scandal and disaster, and she was booed off the stage due to her apparently being too drunk to perform. It was reported that she was unable to remember the city she was in, the lyrics of her songs or—when trying to introduce them—the names of the members of her band.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.heatworld.com/Entertainment/Music/2011/06/This-Amy-Winehouse-footage-is-shocking |title= This Amy Winehouse footage is shocking! |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110622051417/http://www.heatworld.com/Entertainment/Music/2011/06/This-Amy-Winehouse-footage-is-shocking |archivedate= 22 June 2011}}. ''[[Heat (magazine)|Heat]]''. 19 June 2011.</ref><ref>{{cite news|first= Vesna |last= Peric Zimonjic |title= Winehouse a staggering flop |newspaper= [[The New Zealand Herald]] |url= http://www.nzherald.co.nz/entertainment/news/article.cfm?c_id=1501119&objectid=10733431 |date= 21 June 2011 |accessdate= 21 June 2011}}</ref> The local press also claimed that Winehouse was forced to perform by her bodyguards, who did not allow her to leave the stage when she tried to do so.<ref>{{hr icon}} {{cite web|url= http://www.vecernji.hr/zvijezde/amy-winehouse-zastitari-su-natjerali-da-izadje-na-pozornicu-303549 |title= Amy Winehouse zaštitari su natjerali da izađe na pozornicu |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140211233450/http://www.vecernji.hr/zvijezde/amy-winehouse-zastitari-su-natjerali-da-izadje-na-pozornicu-303549 |archivedate= 11 February 2014}}. [[Večernji list]]. 23 June 2011.</ref> She then pulled out of performances in Istanbul and Athens which had been scheduled for the following week.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-13833366 |title= Amy Winehouse cancels two dates of European tour |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110621003826/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-13833366 |archivedate= 21 June 2011}}. BBC News. 19 June 2011.</ref> On 21 June, it was announced that she had cancelled all shows of her tour and would be given "as long as it takes" to sort herself out.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/13859224 |title= Amy Winehouse tour pulled so she can 'sort herself out' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110624025129/http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/13859224 |archivedate= 24 June 2011}}. BBC News. 21 June 2011.</ref>


Winehouse's last public appearance took place at Camden's [[Roundhouse (venue)|Roundhouse]], London on 20 July 2011, when she made a surprise appearance on stage to support her goddaughter, [[Dionne Bromfield]], who was singing "Mama Said" with [[The Wanted]].<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse's last public appearance |url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/8657261/Amy-Winehouses-last-public-appearance.html |newspaper= The Daily Telegraph |date= 23 July 2011 |format= Video upload |accessdate= 6 January 2014}}</ref>


Winehouse died on 23 July 2011. On the week of 26 July 2011, ''Frank'', ''Back to Black'' and the ''Back to Black'' [[Extended play|EP]] re-entered the ''Billboard'' 200 at number 57, number 9 and number 152 respectively, with the album climbing to number 4 the following week.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/468980/amy-winehouses-back-to-black-re-enters-top-10-on-billboard-200 |title= Amy Winehouse's 'Back to Black' Re-Enters Top 10 on Billboard 200 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130720223227/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/468980/amy-winehouses-back-to-black-re-enters-top-10-on-billboard-200 |archivedate= 20 July 2013}}. ''Billboard''. 26 July 2011.</ref><ref>Kaufman, Gil (3 August 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1668396/amy-winehouse-back-to-black-album-chart-eric-church.jhtml |title= Amy Winehouse Back At #4 on Billboard 200 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111107090240/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1668396/amy-winehouse-back-to-black-album-chart-eric-church.jhtml |archivedate= 7 November 2011}}. MTV News. Viacom. 3 August 2011.</ref> ''Back to Black'' also topped the ''Billboard'' Digital Albums chart on the same week and was the second best-seller at iTunes.<ref>Knopper, Steve (27 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/on-the-charts-amy-winehouses-sad-return-20110727 |title= On the Charts: Amy Winehouse's Sad Return |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111012112150/http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/on-the-charts-amy-winehouses-sad-return-20110727 |archivedate= 12 October 2011}}. ''Rolling Stone''.</ref> "Rehab" re-entered and topped the ''Billboard'' [[Digital Songs|Hot Digital Songs]] chart as well, selling up to 38,000 more [[Music download|digital downloads]].<ref>Caulfield, Keith (27 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/468968/amy-winehouse-returns-to-top-10-of-billboard-200-adele-back-at-no-1 |title= Amy Winehouse Returns to Top 10 of Billboard 200, Adele Back at No. 1 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130703231449/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/468968/amy-winehouse-returns-to-top-10-of-billboard-200-adele-back-at-no-1 |archivedate= 3 July 2013}}. ''Billboard''.</ref> As of August 2011, "Back to Black" was the best-selling album in the UK in the twenty-first century.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14660787 |title= Amy Winehouse's Back to Black sets chart record |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120124150941/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14660787 |archivedate= 24 January 2012}}. BBC News. 25 August 2011.</ref>


Winehouse's last recording was a duet with American singer [[Tony Bennett]] for his latest album, ''[[Duets II (Tony Bennett album)|Duets II]]'', released on 20 September 2011.<ref>Lipshutz, Jason (25 March 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/472354/tony-bennett-taps-amy-winehouse-for-duets-ii-due-in-september |title= Tony Bennett Taps Amy Winehouse for 'Duets II,' Due in September |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130129054024/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/472354/tony-bennett-taps-amy-winehouse-for-duets-ii-due-in-september |archivedate= 29 January 2013}}. ''Billboard''.</ref> Their single from the album, "Body and Soul," was released on 14 September 2011 on MTV and VH1 to commemorate what would have been her 28th birthday. Her father, Mitch Winehouse, launched the Amy Winehouse Foundation with the goal of raising awareness and support for organisations that help vulnerable, young adults with problems such as addiction. Proceeds from "Body and Soul" benefit the Amy Winehouse Foundation.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://articles.latimes.com/2011/aug/05/entertainment/la-et-quick-20110805 |title= Amy Winehouse, Tony Bennett duet will fund charity |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130129054024/http://articles.latimes.com/2011/aug/05/entertainment/la-et-quick-20110805 |archivedate= 29 January 2013}}. ''Los Angeles Times''. Associated Press. 5 August 2011.</ref> The song received the [[Grammy Award|Grammy]] for [[Grammy Award for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance|Best Pop Duo/Group Performance]] at the [[54th Annual Grammy Awards|54th Grammy Awards]] on 12 February 2012.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.grammy.com/news/and-the-grammy-went-to-tony-bennett-and-amy-winehouse |title= And The GRAMMY Went To ...Tony Bennett And Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140421082818/http://www.grammy.com/news/and-the-grammy-went-to-tony-bennett-and-amy-winehouse |archivedate= 21 April 2014}}. ''Los Angeles Times''. 22 February 2012.</ref> Winehouse's father picked up the award at the awards ceremony with his wife Janis, saying, "We shouldn't be here. Our darling daughter should be here. These are the cards that we're dealt."<ref>Boyle, Danny (13 February 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.kentonline.co.uk/kentonline/news/2012/february/13/amy_winehouse.aspx |title= Kent's Mitch Winehouse picks up Amy's Grammy gong |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120717045125/http://www.kentonline.co.uk/kentonline/news/2012/february/13/amy_winehouse.aspx |archivedate= 17 July 2012}}. ''Kent Online''. [[KM Group]].</ref>


When interviewed by [[Jon Stewart]] on ''[[The Daily Show]]'' on 29 September 2011, Bennett stated that in hindsight, he believed that Winehouse:

::was in trouble at that time because she had a couple of engagements that she didn't keep up. But what people didn't realise at that time, that she really knew, and in fact I didn't even know it when we were making the record, and now looking at the whole thing; she knew that she was in a lot of trouble; that she wasn't going to live. And it wasn't drugs. It was alcohol toward the end... It was such a sad thing because... she was the only singer that really sang what I call the 'right way' because she was a great jazz-pop singer... She was really a great jazz singer. A true jazz singer. And I regret that because that's the 'right way' to sing.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/thu-september-29-2011/tony-bennett |title= Tony Bennett on The Daily Show 29 September 2011 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111008024236/http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/thu-september-29-2011/tony-bennett |archivedate= 8 October 2011}}. ''[[The Daily Show]]''.</ref>


An album of previously unreleased material, titled ''[[Lioness: Hidden Treasures]]'', was released on 6 December 2011.<ref>Zakarin, Jordan (31 October 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/31/new-amy-winehouse-album-a_n_1066994.html |title= New Amy Winehouse Album: 'Amy Winehouse Lioness: Hidden Treasures' Gets December Release Date |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111101174407/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/31/new-amy-winehouse-album-a_n_1066994.html |archivedate= 1 November 2011}}. ''[[The Huffington Post]]''.</ref> It debuted at the top of the [[UK Albums Chart]] with the biggest first-week sales of Winehouse's career.<ref>Jones, Alan (12 December 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.musicweek.com/news/read/official-album-chart-analysis-sales-hit-new-2011-high/047573 |title= Official Album Chart Analysis: Sales hit new 2011 high |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131029194842/http://www.musicweek.com/news/read/official-album-chart-analysis-sales-hit-new-2011-high/047573 |archivedate= 29 October 2013}}. ''[[Music Week]]''.</ref> It debuted at number five on the [[Billboard 200|''Billboard'' 200]], selling 114,000 units, making it her highest-debuting album in the US.<ref>Caulfield, Keith (14 December 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/41927/michael-bubles-christmas-stays-atop-billboard-200-black-keys-hit-no-2 |title= Michael Buble's 'Christmas' Stays Atop Billboard 200, Black Keys Hit No. 2 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130514213852/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/41927/michael-bubles-christmas-stays-atop-billboard-200-black-keys-hit-no-2 |archivedate= 14 May 2013}}. ''Billboard''.</ref>


==Image==

[[File:The Ronettes.JPG|thumb|upright|Winehouse was influenced by soul girl groups such as [[The Ronettes]], whose look she imitated.]]

Winehouse's greatest love was 1960s [[girl group]]s.<ref name="Sisario"/> Her stylist, Alex Foden, borrowed her "instantly recognisable" [[Beehive (hairstyle)|beehive]] hairdo (a [[Artificial hair integrations|weave]]<ref>Topping, Alexandra (26 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/jul/26/amy-winehouse-private-funeral |title= Amy Winehouse: private funeral held |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110727195646/http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/jul/26/amy-winehouse-private-funeral |archivedate= 27 July 2011}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref><ref name="Hoffman">Hoffman, Claire (10 July 2008). {{cite web|url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/up-all-night-with-amy-winehouse-20080710 |title= Up All Night With Amy Winehouse: Rolling Stone's 2008 Story |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130727073253/http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/up-all-night-with-amy-winehouse-20080710 |archivedate= 27 July 2013}}. ''Rolling Stone''.</ref>) and she borrowed her [[Cleopatra]] makeup from [[The Ronettes]].<ref name="Sisario">Sisario, Ben (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/24/arts/music/amy-winehouse-british-soul-singer-dies-at-27.html |title= Amy Winehouse, British Soul Singer With a Troubled Life, Dies at 27 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110825184840/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/24/arts/music/amy-winehouse-british-soul-singer-dies-at-27.html |archivedate= 25 August 2011}}. ''The New York Times''.</ref> Her imitation was so successful, as ''[[The Village Voice]]'' reports: "[[Ronnie Spector]]—who, it could be argued, all but invented Winehouse's style in the first place when she took the stage at the Brooklyn Fox Theater with her fellow Ronettes more than 40 years ago—was so taken aback at a picture of Winehouse in the ''New York Post'' that she exclaimed, "I don't know her, I never met her, and when I saw that pic, I thought, 'That's me!' But then I found out, no, it's Amy! I didn't have on my glasses."<ref>Yaeger, Lynn (22 May 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.villagevoice.com/2007-05-22/nyc-life/winehouse-rules/2/ |title= Winehouse Rules |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120306124020/http://www.villagevoice.com/2007-05-22/nyc-life/winehouse-rules/2/ |archivedate= 6 March 2012}}. ''[[The Village Voice]]''.</ref>


''[[The New York Times]]'' style reporter, Guy Trebay, discussed the multiplicity of influences on Winehouse's style after her death. Trebay noted, "her stylish husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, may have influenced her look." Additionally, Trebay observed:

:She was a 5-foot-3 almanac of visual reference, most famously to Ronnie Spector of the Ronettes, but also to the white British soul singer [[Mari Wilson]], less famous for her sound than her beehive; to the punk god [[Johnny Thunders]]...; to the fierce [[Council house|council-house]] chicks... (see: [[Dior]] and [[Chanel]] runways, 2007 and 2008) ... to a lineage of bad girls, extending from Cleopatra to [[Louise Brooks]]'s Lulu and including [[Salt-n-Pepa]], to irresistible man traps that always seemed to come to the same unfortunate end.<ref>Trebay, Guy (27 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/28/fashion/amy-winehouse-bad-girl-with-a-touch-of-genius.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3& |title= A Bad Girl With a Touch of Genius |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120306124020/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/28/fashion/amy-winehouse-bad-girl-with-a-touch-of-genius.html?pagewanted=1&_r=3& |archivedate= 6 March 2012}}. ''The New York Times''.</ref>


Former ''Rolling Stone'' editor Joe Levy, who had put her on the magazine's cover, broke her look down this way:

:Just as her best music drew on sampling — assembling sonic licks and stylistic fragments borrowed from [[Motown]], [[Stax Records|Stax]], [[Punk rock|punk]] and early [[Hip hop music|hip-hop]] – her personal style was also a knowing [[collage]]. There was a certain moment in the '90s when, if you were headed downtown and turned left, every girl looked like [[Bettie Page]]. But they did not do what Winehouse did, mixing [[Bettie Page]] with [[Brigitte Bardot]] and adding that little bit of Ronnie Spector.<ref>Trebay, Guy (27 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/28/fashion/amy-winehouse-bad-girl-with-a-touch-of-genius.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1 |title= A Bad Girl With a Touch of Genius |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120306124020/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/28/fashion/amy-winehouse-bad-girl-with-a-touch-of-genius.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1 |archivedate= 6 March 2012}}. ''The New York Times''.</ref>


Mitch Winehouse later revealed that the influence for the bold red lipstick, thick eyebrows and heavy eyeliner came from Latinas she saw in Miami, on her trip there to work with Salaam Remi on ''Back to Black.''{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=70}} This same look, however, was repeatedly denigrated by the British press. At the same time that the [[NME Awards]] nominated Winehouse in the categories of "Best Solo Artist" and "Best Music DVD" in 2008, they awarded her "Worst Dressed Performer."<ref>Hines, Nico (13 February 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3359759.ece |title= Record seven NME nominations for Arctic Monkeys |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080720181843/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3359759.ece |archivedate= 20 July 2008}}. ''The Times''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/nme-awards/34797 |title= Shockwaves NME Awards 2008: Winners' list |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111011180307/http://www.nme.com/news/nme-awards/34797 |archivedate= 11 October 2011}}. ''NME''. 29 February 2008.</ref> Winehouse was also ranked number two on [[Richard Blackwell]]'s 48th annual "Ten Worst Dressed Women" list, behind [[Victoria Beckham]].<ref>{{cite news|url= http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/01/08/Beckham_Winehouse_top_worst-dressed_list/UPI-88931199843175/ |title= Beckham, Winehouse top worst-dressed list |agency= United Press International |date= 8 January 2008 |accessdate= 31 May 2014}}</ref>


==Other ventures==

[[File:Dionne Bromfield.jpg|thumb|left|170px|The first act on Winehouse's record label was her goddaughter [[Dionne Bromfield]].]]

Winehouse joined a campaign to stop a block of flats being built beside the [[George Tavern]], a famous London [[East End]] music venue. Campaign supporters feared the residential development would end the spot's lucrative sideline as a film and photo location, on which it relies to survive.<ref>Blunden, Mark; Littlejohn, Georgina (31 January 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23435061-details/Inn+crowd+battle+for+pub/article.do |title= Inn crowd battle for pub |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080517113948/http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23435061-details/Inn%2Bcrowd%2Bbattle%2Bfor%2Bpub/article.do |archivedate= 17 May 2008}}. ''[[London Evening Standard]]''.</ref> As part of a breast cancer awareness campaign, Winehouse appeared in a revealing photograph for the April 2008 issue of ''Easy Living'' magazine.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/35318 |title= Amy Winehouse poses for naked photos |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121021124433/http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/35318 |archivedate= 21 October 2012}}. ''NME''.</ref> Winehouse had an estimated £10m fortune, tying her for tenth place in the 2008 ''[[The Sunday Times]]'' listing of the wealth of musicians under age 30.<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse joins 'rich list' |url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7365541.stm |publisher= BBC News |date= 24 April 2008 |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref> The following year her fortune had dropped to an estimated £5m.<ref>Foster, Patrick (24 April 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article6157097.ece |title= Music millionaires suffer huge losses in 2009 Sunday Times Rich List |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090507141213/http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article6157097.ece |archivedate= 7 May 2009}}. ''The Times''.</ref> Her finances are run by Mitch and Janis Winehouse.<ref>Dougary, Ginny (19 December 2009). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6955820.ece |title= Mitch Winehouse on the torment of Amy's self-destruction |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615071730/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6955820.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''The Times'': 3.</ref> It was reported she earned about £1m singing at two private parties during [[Paris Fashion Week]].<ref>Verrico, Lisa (1 June 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4025186.ece |title= Why music stars are playing private parties |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615071916/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4025186.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''The Sunday Times''.</ref> as well as another £1m to perform at a Moscow Art Gallery for Russian oligarch [[Roman Abramovich]].<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7452601.stm |title= Winehouse performs for Abramovich |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121021124433/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7452601.stm |archivedate= 21 October 2012}}. BBC News. 13 June 2008.</ref> Winehouse loaned a vintage dress used in her video for "Tears Dry on Their Own" as well as a DVD to the [[British Music Experience]], a new museum dedicated to the history of British pop music.<ref>Youngs, Ian (21 November 2008). {{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7740078.stm |title= Stars back British music museum |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090115162931/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7740078.stm |archivedate= 15 January 2009}}. BBC News.</ref> The museum, located in [[The O2]], opened on 9 March 2009.<ref>Khan, Urmee (20 January 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/4299213/British-hall-of-fame-to-commemorate-British-talent-including-Beatles-and-The-Who.html |title= British 'hall of fame' to commemorate British talent including Beatles and The Who |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130919131726/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/4299213/British-hall-of-fame-to-commemorate-British-talent-including-Beatles-and-The-Who.html |archivedate= 19 September 2013}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.scotsman.com/news/britain-still-rocking-60-years-on-as-music-museum-opens-1-1028483 |title= Britain still rocking 60 years on as music museum opens |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121021060224/http://www.scotsman.com/news/britain-still-rocking-60-years-on-as-music-museum-opens-1-1028483 |archivedate= 21 October 2012}}. ''[[The Scotsman]]''. 9 March 2009.</ref>


In January 2009, Winehouse announced that she was launching her own record label. The first act on her [[Lioness Records]] is Winehouse's 13-year-old goddaughter, [[Dionne Bromfield]]. Her first album, featuring covers of classic soul records, was released on 12 October 2009.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/47496 |title= Amy Winehouse announces goddaughter's album details |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121021124821/http://www.nme.com/news/amy-winehouse/47496 |archivedate= 21 October 2012}}. ''NME''. 24 September 2009.</ref> Winehouse is the backing singer on several tracks on the album and she performed backing vocals for Bromfield on the television programme ''[[Strictly Come Dancing]]'' on 10 October.<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse to sing on Strictly |date= 6 October 2009 |publisher= BBC News |url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8287854.stm |accessdate=26 December 2012}}</ref>


Winehouse and her family are the subject of a 2009 documentary shot by [[Daphne Barak]] titled ''Saving Amy''.<ref>Laudadio, Marisa (19 May 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20279960%2C00.html |title= Amy Winehouse Documentary in the Works |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090520162721/http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20279960%2C00.html |archivedate= 20 May 2009}}. ''[[People (magazine)|People]]''.</ref> Winehouse entered into a joint venture in 2009 with [[EMI]] to launch a range of wrapping paper and gift cards containing song lyrics from her album ''[[Back to Black]]''.<ref>{{cite web|title= Winehouse launches Card Range |date= 25 June 2009 |publisher=[[Contactmusic.com]] |url= http://www.contactmusic.com/news.nsf/article/winehouse-launches-card-range_1107683}}</ref> On 8 January 2010, a television documentary, ''My Daughter Amy'', aired on [[Channel 4]].<ref>Dougary, Ginny (19 December 2009). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6955820.ece |title= Mitch Winehouse on the torment of Amy's self-destruction |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615071730/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6955820.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''The Times'': 4.</ref> ''Saving Amy'' was released as a paperback book in January 2010.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.guardianbookshop.co.uk/BerteShopWeb/viewProduct.do?ISBN=9781847736703 |title= Saving Amy – Daphne Barak |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100625092800/http://www.guardianbookshop.co.uk/BerteShopWeb/viewProduct.do?ISBN=9781847736703 |archivedate= 25 June 2010}}. [[The Guardian|Guardian bookshop]].</ref>


Winehouse collaborated on a 17 piece fashion collection with the Fred Perry label. It was released for sale in October 2010. According to Fred Perry's marketing director "We had three major design meetings where she was closely involved in product style selection and the application of fabric, colour and styling details," and gave "crucial input on proportion, colour and fit." The collection consists of "vintage-inspired looks including [[Capri pants]], a [[bowling]] dress, a [[trench coat]], [[pencil skirt]]s, a longline [[Argyle (pattern)|argyle]] sweater and a pink-and-black checkerboard-printed collared shirt."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.wwd.com/fashion-news/maria-pinto-plots-next-chapter-2542491?src=rss%2Frecentstories%2F20100311 |title= Amy Winehouse Teams With Fred Perry on Fashion Line |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110606091154/http://www.wwd.com/fashion-news/maria-pinto-plots-next-chapter-2542491?src=rss%2Frecentstories%2F20100311 |archivedate= 6 June 2011}}. ''Women's Wear Daily''. 11 March 2010.</ref><ref>Vesilind, Emili (27 October 2010). {{cite web|url= http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/alltherage/2010/10/soul-clothes-amy-winehouse-inspires-a-collection-by-brit-brand-fred-perry.html |title= Soul clothes: Amy Winehouse inspires a collection by Brit brand Fred Perry |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111204082140/http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/alltherage/2010/10/soul-clothes-amy-winehouse-inspires-a-collection-by-brit-brand-fred-perry.html |archivedate= 4 December 2011}}. ''Los Angeles Times''.</ref> At the behest of her family, three forthcoming collections up to and including autumn/winter 2012 that she had designed prior to her death will be released.<ref>Bergin, Olivia (8 August 2011). {{cite web|url= http://fashion.telegraph.co.uk/columns/olivia-bergin/TMG8688463/The-show-will-go-on-Amy-Winehouse-for-Fred-Perry-range-to-be-released.html |title= The show will go on: Amy Winehouse for Fred Perry range to be released |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120117190612/http://fashion.telegraph.co.uk/columns/olivia-bergin/TMG8688463/The-show-will-go-on-Amy-Winehouse-for-Fred-Perry-range-to-be-released.html |archivedate= 17 January 2012}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref>


==Criticism==

[[File:WinehouseLA.jpg|thumb|upright|alt=Knee high portrait of woman in her twenties wearing a short gathered skirt, light grey dress and dark cardigan|Winehouse in Los Angeles, 2007]]

Winehouse's [[wikt:dichotomous|dichotomous]] public image of critical and commercial success versus personal turmoil prompted media comment. The ''[[New Statesman]]'' called Winehouse "a filthy-mouthed, down-to-earth [[diva]],"<ref name="NS">{{cite journal|first= Jude |last= Rogers |title= Year of the woman |magazine= New Statesman |volume= 135 |issue= 4822 |pages= 36–38 |date= 11 December 2006}}</ref> while ''[[Newsweek]]'' called her "a perfect storm of sex kitten, raw talent and poor impulse control."<ref>{{cite journal|first= Joshua |last= Alston |title= Soul on Ice, And a Twist |magazine= Newsweek |volume= 149 |issue= 11 |page= 60 |date= 12 March 2007}}</ref> Karen Heller with ''[[The Philadelphia Inquirer]]'' summarised the maelstrom this way:

{{quote|text=She's only 24 with six Grammy nominations, crashing headfirst into success and despair, with a codependent husband in jail, exhibitionist parents with questionable judgement, and the [[paparazzi]] documenting her emotional and physical distress. Meanwhile, a haute designer [[Karl Lagerfeld]] appropriates her dishevelled style and eating issues to market to the elite while proclaiming her the new [[Brigitte Bardot|Bardot]].<ref>Heller, Karen (12 December 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.philly.com/inquirer/magazine/20071212_Karen_Heller___The_ruin_of_a_talent__shrilly_told_by_tabloids.html |title= The ruin of a talent, shrilly told by tabloids |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20071214051209/http://www.philly.com/inquirer/magazine/20071212_Karen_Heller___The_ruin_of_a_talent__shrilly_told_by_tabloids.html |archivedate= 14 December 2007}}. ''[[The Philadelphia Inquirer]]''.</ref>}}


By 2008, her continued drug problems threatened her career. As Nick Gatfield, the president of [[Island Records]], toyed with the idea of releasing Winehouse "to deal with her problems," he said, "It's a reflection of her status [in the U.S.] that when you flick through the TV coverage [of the Grammys] it's her image they use."<ref name="jan24"/> Post-Grammys, some questioned whether Winehouse should have been honoured with the awards given her recent personal and drug problems,<ref>{{cite news|first= Steve |last= Jones |first2= Brian |last2= Mansfield |authorlink2= Brian Mansfield |title= Winehouse and West: Big night |newspaper= [[USA Today]] |date= 11 February 2008 |accessdate= 15 February 2008 |url= http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/music/awards/grammys/2008-02-11-winehouse-west_N.htm}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://media.www.hofstrachronicle.com/media/storage/paper222/news/2008/02/14/EditorialopEd/Winehouse.Wins.Big-3211858.shtml |title= Winehouse wins big |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081207124833/http://media.www.hofstrachronicle.com/media/storage/paper222/news/2008/02/14/EditorialopEd/Winehouse.Wins.Big-3211858.shtml |archivedate= 7 December 2008}}. ''[[Hofstra Chronicle]]''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0802/12/sbt.01.html |title= Showbiz Tonight: LA Official Backs Law to Curb Paparazzi; Amy Winehouse Grammys: Rewarded for Bad Behavior? |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121018184505/http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0802/12/sbt.01.html |archivedate= 18 October 2012}}. CNN. 12 February 2008.</ref> including [[Natalie Cole]], who introduced Winehouse at the ceremony and who herself battled substance-abuse problems while winning a Grammy for Best New Artist in 1975.<ref>Sundel, Jenny; Silverman, Stephen (11 February 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.people.com/people/package/article/0%2C%2C20173658_20177511%2C00.html |title= Natalie Cole: Amy's Wins Send a 'Bad Message' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141014182104/http://www.people.com/people/package/article/0%2C%2C20173658_20177511%2C00.html |archivedate= 14 October 2014}}. ''People''.</ref> (Winehouse was prevented from travelling to and performing at the Grammy Awards ceremony in the US due to failing a drug test.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012}}) In a newspaper commentary, the executive director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, [[Antonio Maria Costa]], said that the alleged drug habits of Winehouse and other celebrities sent a bad message "to others who are vulnerable to addiction" and undermine the efforts of other celebrities trying to raise awareness of problems in Africa, now that more cocaine used in Europe passes through that continent.<ref>Costa, Antonio Maria (9 March 2008). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/mar/09/drugstrade.unitednations |title= Every line of cocaine means a little part of Africa dies |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141016122717/http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/mar/09/drugstrade.unitednations |archivedate= 16 October 2014}}.</ref> Winehouse's spokesperson noted that "Amy has never given a quote about drugs or flaunted it in any way. She's had some problems and is trying to get better. The U.N. should get its own house in order."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/03/09/un.drugs/ |title= Anti-drugs chief hits out at Winehouse, Moss |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141014094722/http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/03/09/un.drugs/ |archivedate= 14 October 2014}}. CNN. 9 March 2008.</ref>


In January 2008, her record label stated it believed the extensive media coverage she had received increased record sales.<ref>Colothan, Scott (31 January 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.gigwise.com/news/40444/amy-winehouses-label-thank-media-frenzy-for-record-sales |title= Amy Winehouse's Label Thank Media Frenzy For Record Sales |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141129044825/http://www.gigwise.com/news/40444/amy-winehouses-label-thank-media-frenzy-for-record-sales |archivedate= 29 November 2014}}. [[Gigwise]].</ref> In an April 2008 poll conducted by [[Sky News]], Winehouse was named the second greatest "ultimate heroine" by the UK population at large, topping the voting for that category of those polled under 25 years old.<ref name="heroine"/> Psychologist Donna Dawson commented that the results demonstrated that women like Winehouse who had "a certain sense of vulnerability or have had to fight against some adversity in their lives" received recognition.<ref name="heroine">Gregory, Jason (23 April 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.gigwise.com/news/42588/amy-winehouse-is-the-uks-ultimate-heroine |title= Amy Winehouse Is The UK's 'Ultimate Heroine' Amongst under 25s |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120710173742/http://www.gigwise.com/news/42588/amy-winehouse-is-the-uks-ultimate-heroine |archivedate= 10 July 2012}}. Gigwise.</ref>


In July 2008, [[BBC Radio Scotland]]'s head, Jeff Zycinski, stated that the BBC, and media in general, were complicit in undermining celebrities, including Winehouse.<ref name="Broadcast">Shepherd, Robert (2 July 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.broadcastnow.co.uk/bbc-news-execs-clash-over-celebrity-coverage/1678749.article |title= BBC news execs clash over celebrity coverage |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121014220751/http://www.broadcastnow.co.uk/bbc-news-execs-clash-over-celebrity-coverage/1678749.article |archivedate= 14 October 2012}}. ''[[Broadcast (magazine)|Broadcast]]''.</ref> He said that public interest in the singer's lifestyle did not make her lifestyle newsworthy. Rod McKenzie, editor of the BBC Radio One programme ''[[Newsbeat]]'', replied: "If you play [Amy Winehouse's] music to a certain demographic, those same people want to know what's happening in her private life. If you don't cover it, you're insulting young licence fee payers."<ref name="Broadcast"/> In ''[[The Scotsman]]'', British singer and songwriter [[Lily Allen]] was quoted to have said – "I know Amy Winehouse very well. And she is very different to what people portray her as being. Yes, she does get out of her mind on drugs sometimes, but she is also a very clever, intelligent, witty, funny person who can hold it together. You just don't see that side."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.scotsman.com/news/lily-allen-interview-rebuilding-the-lily-1-1301928 |title= Lily Allen interview: Rebuilding the Lily |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140117005004/http://www.scotsman.com/news/lily-allen-interview-rebuilding-the-lily-1-1301928 |archivedate= 17 January 2014}}. ''The Scotsman''. 5 December 2008.</ref>


==Awards and nominations==

{{Main article|List of awards and nominations received by Amy Winehouse}}


Among the awards and recognition for her debut album ''Frank'', Winehouse earned an [[Ivor Novello Awards|Ivor Novello Award]] from the British Academy of Songwriters for Best Contemporary Song ("[[Stronger Than Me]]"),<ref name="Profile">{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6939184.stm |title= Profile: Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090107052001/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6939184.stm |archivedate= 7 January 2009}}. BBC News.</ref> a [[Brit Awards|Brit Award]] nomination for Best British Female Solo Artist,<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3497315.stm |title= Brits 2004: The winners |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130926063019/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3497315.stm |archivedate= 26 September 2013}}. BBC News.</ref> and an inclusion in Robert Dimery's 2006 book, ''[[1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die]]''.<ref>{{cite book|first= Robert |last= Dimery |title= 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die |year= 2006 |editor-first= Tristan |editor-last= de Lancey |publisher= [[Universe Publishing]]}}</ref>


Her second studio album, ''Back to Black'', produced numerous nominations, including two Brit Awards (Best British Album, and won her Best British Female Solo Artist), six [[Grammy Award]]s (including five wins),<ref name="Grammy"/> four Ivor Novello Awards, four [[MTV Europe Music Awards]], three [[MTV Video Music Award]]s, three [[World Music Awards]], and it was nominated for the [[Mercury Prize]] (Album of the Year) and a [[MOBO Awards]] (Best UK Female). During her career, Winehouse received 23 awards from 60 nominations.


==Critical reputation==

The [[BBC]]'s Garry Mulholland called Winehouse "the pre-eminent vocal talent of her generation".<ref>Mulholland, Garry (12 November 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/reviews/zv28 |title= Amy Winehouse – Amy Winehouse at the BBC Review |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121114231514/http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/reviews/zv28 |archivedate= 14 November 2012}}. [[BBC Music]].</ref> According to [[AllMusic]]'s Cyril Cordor, she was one of the UK's premier singers during the 2000s; "fans and critics alike embraced her rugged charm, brash sense of humor, and distinctively soulful and jazzy vocals".<ref>{{cite web|first= Cyril |last= Cordor |title= Amy Winehouse – Artist Biography |publisher= [[AllMusic]] |accessdate= 28 March 2017 |url= http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amy-winehouse-mn0000627026/biography}}</ref> In ''[[The Guardian]]'', Caroline Sullivan later wrote that "her idolisation of Dinah Washington and the Ronettes distinguished her from almost all newly minted pop singers of the early 2000s; her exceptionally-susceptible-to-heartbreak voice did the rest".<ref>{{cite news|first= Caroline |last= Sullivan |title= Amy Winehouse – 10 of the best |newspaper= [[The Guardian]] |date= 22 March 2017 |accessdate= 28 March 2017 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2017/mar/22/amy-winehouse-10-of-the-best}}</ref>


By contrast, [[Robert Christgau]] dismissed Winehouse as "a self-aggrandizing self-abuser who's taken seriously because she makes a show of soul". In his opinion, the singer "simulated gravitas by running her suicidal tendencies through an amalgam of 20th-century African-American vocal stylings--the slides, growls, and melismatic outcries that for many matures are now the only reliable signifiers of pop substance".<ref>{{cite web|first= Robert |last= Christgau |authorlink= Robert Christgau |title= Lily Allen: The Same Everygirl After All |work= [[The Barnes & Noble Review]] |date= 16 February 2009 |accessdate= 28 March 2017 |url= https://www.robertchristgau.com/xg/bn/2009-02.php}}</ref>


On 13 February 2012, Winehouse was ranked 26{{sup|th}} on [[The Greatest (TV series)|VH1's ''100 Greatest Women in Music'']] list.<ref name="VH1 100">{{cite web|url= http://vh1.com/music/tuner/2012-02-13/100-greatest-women-in-music/76 |title= VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131029221757/http://vh1.com/music/tuner/2012-02-13/100-greatest-women-in-music/76 |archivedate= 29 October 2013}}. [[The Greatest (TV series)|VH1's The Greatest]]. [[Viacom]]. 13 February 2012.</ref> In March 2017, singer-songwriter [[Bob Dylan]] said he was enjoying listening to Winehouse's last record (''Back to Black''), and called her "the last real individualist around."<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Kate |last= Samuelson |title= Here's What Bob Dylan Has to Say About His Favorite Popular Musicians Right Now |magazine= Time |date= 23 March 2017 |accessdate= 6 April 2017 |url= http://time.com/4711095/bob-dylan-interview-2017/}}</ref>


==Charity work==

Throughout her life Winehouse donated her money, music and time to many charities, particularly those concerned with children. She was once named "the most charitable act" by ''[[Popworld|Pop World]]''. While this side of her personality was never well known to the general public, throughout both the arts community and the charity community she was known for her generosity.<ref>{{cite news|title= Charity launches on Amy Winehouse's birthday |url= http://www.standard.co.uk/showbiz/charity-launches-on-amy-winehouses-birthday-6443105.html |newspaper= London Evening Standard |date= 9 January 2015}}</ref> Among the charities she supported are [[Adopt-A-Minefield]], [[Anti-Slavery International]], [[Breast Cancer Campaign]], [[CARE (relief agency)|CARE]], Children of the Andes, [[Children's Medical Research Institute]], [[ChildFund|Christian Children's Fund]], City at Peace, UK charity telethon [[Comic Relief]], London's [[Great Ormond Street Hospital]] for sick children, [[Greenpeace]], Healthlink Worldwide, Hear the World, [[Heifer International]], [[Holy Apostles Soup Kitchen]], the [[International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement|Red Cross]], LIFEbeat, Lifeline and Rape Crisis PMB, [[Opportunity International]], [[Oxfam]], [[Rights and Humanity]], [[Save the Children]], [[Save the Music Foundation]], [[St. Jude Children's Research Hospital]], [[Teenage Cancer Trust]], [[Christina Noble Children's Foundation]], Little Dreams Foundation, Lotus Outreach, [[Nelson Mandela Children's Fund]], [[United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|UNHCR]], [[UNICEF]], [[V-Day (movement)|V-Day]], [[WaterAid]], and [[World Neighbors]].<ref>{{cite web|url= http://celebrities.wikinut.com/Encouraging-The-Induction-of-Amy-Jade-Winehouse-Into-The-Hollywood-Walkway-of-Fame/2u8a4wgw/ |title= Encouraging The Induction of Amy Jade Winehouse into The Hollywood Walkway of Fame |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120419194330/http://celebrities.wikinut.com/Encouraging-The-Induction-of-Amy-Jade-Winehouse-Into-The-Hollywood-Walkway-of-Fame/2u8a4wgw/ |archivedate= 19 April 2012}}. Wikinut. 17 April 2012.</ref><ref>amysarmynow (18 March 2012). {{cite web|url= http://amysarmynow.wordpress.com/2012/03/18/amy-jade-winehouse-quiet-generosity/ |title= Amy Jade Winehouse: Quiet Generosity |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120603164013/http://amysarmynow.wordpress.com/2012/03/18/amy-jade-winehouse-quiet-generosity/ |archivedate= 3 June 2012}}. Amysarmynow.wordpress.com. 18 March 2012.</ref>


In 2008, Winehouse appeared naked in an issue of ''Easy Living Magazine'' to raise awareness of breast cancer.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.marieclaire.co.uk/news/celebrity/199249/amy-winehouse-in-naked-photos.html |title= Amy Winehouse in naked photos |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130517234132/http://www.marieclaire.co.uk/news/celebrity/199249/amy-winehouse-in-naked-photos.html |archivedate= 17 May 2013}}. ''[[Marie Claire]]''. 20 March 2008.</ref> In 2009, she appeared on a CD called ''Classics'' alongside musicians such as [[The Rolling Stones]], [[The Killers]] and many Cuban musicians to raise awareness of [[climate change]]. In March 2011, Winehouse donated over £20,000 worth of clothes to a local charity shop in London.<ref>Bang Showbiz (8 March 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/amy-winehouse-donates-clothes-to-charity-shop-2235793.html |title= Amy Winehouse donates clothes to charity shop |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121210085443/http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/amy-winehouse-donates-clothes-to-charity-shop-2235793.html |archivedate= 10 December 2012}}. ''The Independent''.</ref><ref>Saunders, Tim (9 March 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.looktothestars.org/news/5914-amy-winehouse-donates-clothes-to-charity-shop |title= Amy Winehouse Donates Clothes To Charity Shop |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121118115829/http://www.looktothestars.org/news/5914-amy-winehouse-donates-clothes-to-charity-shop |archivedate= 18 November 2012}}. Look to the Stars.</ref>


In 2012, it was revealed that she had paid for the medical tests for a man called Julian Jean DeBaptiste in [[Saint Lucia]] in 2009. "I had surgery on 1 July 2009... it cost a fortune and Amy paid for the whole thing. I tried to thank her but she just hugged me and told me not to say anything. Her generosity gave me my life back."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.contactmusic.com/news/generous-amy-winehouse-paid-for-pals-life-saving-operation_1239621 |title= Amy Winehouse – Generous Amy Winehouse Paid For Pal's Life-saving Operation |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121024192708/http://www.contactmusic.com/news/generous-amy-winehouse-paid-for-pals-life-saving-operation_1239621 |archivedate= 24 October 2012}}. Contactmusic.com. 13 August 2011.</ref>


==Legacy==


===Artwork and Tussauds wax figure===

[[File:Amy Winehouse wax figure at Madame Tussauds in London.jpg|thumb|upright|Wax figure of Winehouse at [[Madame Tussauds]] in London]]

London's [[Mall Galleries]] opened an exhibition in May 2008 that included a sculpture of Winehouse, titled ''Excess''. The piece, created by Guy Portelli, had a miniature of the singer [[Lying (position)|lying]] on top of a [[wikt:cracked|cracked]] champagne bottle, with a pool of spilled liquid underneath. The body was covered with what appeared to be tiny pills, while one outstretched hand held a glass.<ref name="Sculpture"/> Another piece, a print titled ''Celebrity 1'' by artist Charlotte Suckling, was shown in the same exhibition.<ref name="Sculpture">Greenwood, Richard (14 May 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3673359/Amy-Winehouse-sculpture-to-go-on-display.html |title= Amy Winehouse sculpture to go on display |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111111003343/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3673359/Amy-Winehouse-sculpture-to-go-on-display.html |archivedate= 11 November 2011}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref>


A wax sculpture of Winehouse went on display at the London [[Madame Tussauds]] on 23 July 2008. The singer did not attend the unveiling, although her parents did.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7521104.stm |title= Winehouse parents reveal waxwork |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120611020350/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7521104.stm |archivedate= 11 June 2012}}. BBC News. 23 July 2008.</ref> A sculpture by Marco Perego, titled ''The Only Good Rock Star Is a Dead Rock Star'', that depicts Winehouse lying in a pool of blood with an apple and a bullet hole in her head after being shot by American novelist and [[Beat Generation|Beat]] poet [[William S. Burroughs]] (in a recreation of the accidental killing of his wife [[Joan Vollmer]]),<ref name="TimesArt">Ruiz, Cristina (26 July 2009). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5114490.ece |title= Amy Winehouse 'shot down' in name of art |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090702144333/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5114490.ece |archivedate= 2 July 2009}}. ''The Sunday Times''. 9 November 2008.</ref> was scheduled to go on display in New York's Half Gallery on 14 November 2008 with a sale price of US$100,000. Perego said of the sculpture: "Rock stars are the sacrificial animals of society." Winehouse's spokesperson stated: "It's a funny kind of tribute. The artist seems in thrall to a tabloid persona that is not the real Amy. People often use her image to sell their work."<ref name="TimesArt"/>


[[File:Amy Winehouse Statue, Camden (14946739033).jpg|thumb|left|175px|Bronze statue of Winehouse in [[Camden Town]], London unveiled in September 2014]]

In 2012, Winehouse was among the [[Culture of the United Kingdom|British cultural icons]] selected by artist Sir [[Peter Blake (artist)|Peter Blake]] to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' ''[[Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band]]'' album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.<ref>{{cite news|first= Caroline |last= Davies |title= New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday |newspaper= The Guardian |date= 5 October 2016 |accessdate= 6 November 2016 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2012/apr/02/peter-blake-sgt-pepper-cover-revisited}}</ref>


On 14 September 2014 (which would have been Winehouse's 31st birthday), [[Statue of Amy Winehouse|a statue was unveiled of her]], which was created by sculptor Scott Eaton, at [[Stables Market]] in [[Camden Town]], north London. Fans and relatives gathered for the unveiling in Camden's Stable Market, where it will be a permanent memorial to her.<ref name="statue"/> London-based Eaton, who sculpted the piece after being introduced to Winehouse's father Mitch, said the statue was meant to capture her "attitude and strength, but also give subtle hints of insecurity."<ref name="statue">{{cite news|title= Life-size Amy Winehouse statue unveiled in north London |date= 14 September 2014 |publisher= BBC News |accessdate= 16 May 2015 |url= http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-29190616}}</ref> Her father Mitch said of the statue: "Now Amy will oversee the comings and goings of her home town forever... Amy was in love with Camden and it is the place her fans from all over the world associate her with."<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse life-size statue to be unveiled on her birthday |date= 21 August 2014 |publisher= BBC News |accessdate= 15 August 2015 |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/28876308/amy-winehouse-life-size-statue-to-be-unveiled-on-her-birthday}}</ref>


===The next generation===

British singer [[Adele]] has credited Winehouse's success in making her and fellow British singer [[Duffy (singer)|Duffy's]] journey to the United States "a bit smoother."<ref>{{cite journal|first= Liz |last= Corcoran |first2= Brian |last2= Orloff |title= Adele Recoils from Botched Meeting with Justin |url= http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20263024,00.html |magazine= People |date= 21 December 2012 |accessdate= 26 December 2012}}</ref> [[Lady Gaga]] credited Winehouse with paving the way for her rise to the top of the charts, explaining that Winehouse made it easier for unconventional women to have mainstream pop success.<ref>Iasimone, Ashley (16 March 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.popeater.com/2009/03/16/lady-gaga-loves-strange-girls-like-amy-winehouse/ |title= Lady GaGa Loves 'Strange Girls' Like Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121120143510/http://www.popeater.com/2009/03/16/lady-gaga-loves-strange-girls-like-amy-winehouse/ |archivedate= 20 November 2012}}. [[PopEater]].</ref> [[Raphael Saadiq]], [[Anthony Hamilton (musician)|Anthony Hamilton]] and [[John Legend]] said "Amy Winehouse was produced by people who wanted to create a marketing coup. The positive side is that it reacquainted an audience with this music and played an introductory role for others. This reinvigorated the genre by overcoming the vintage aspect."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.kuwaittimes.net/read_news.php?newsid=OTk4Mzc1MTgx |title= The revival of soul, 50 years after Motown |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090416000158/http://www.kuwaittimes.net/read_news.php?newsid=OTk4Mzc1MTgx |archivedate= 16 April 2009}}. ''[[Kuwait Times]]''. 14 March 2009.</ref>


Other artists that have credited Winehouse as an influence and/or for paving the way for them include [[Bruno Mars]],<ref>{{cite web|title= Bruno Mars Reveals Amy Winehouse As Surprise Influence On Unorthodox Jukebox |publisher= [[Contactmusic.com]] |date= 12 December 2012 |accessdate= 14 January 2017 |url= http://www.contactmusic.com/bruno-mars/news/bruno-mars-reveals-amy-winehouse-as-surprise-influence-on-unorthodox-jukebox_3415881}}</ref> [[Tove Lo]],<ref>{{cite web|first= Shahlin |last= Graves |title= Interview: musical crush – Tove Lo |work= Coup De Main |date= 5 December 2013 |accessdate= 27 March 2017 |url= http://www.coupdemainmagazine.com/interviews/interview-musical-crush-tove-lo}}</ref> [[Ellie Goulding]],<ref>{{cite news|first1= Jessica |last1= Brown |first2= Sonja |last2= Stephen |title= Ellie Goulding's fury over Amy Winehouse |newspaper= [[Daily Star (British newspaper)|Daily Star]] |date= 16 August 2011 |accessdate= 10 June 2016 |url= http://www.dailystar.co.uk/showbiz/goss/206252/Ellie-Goulding-s-fury-over-Amy-Winehouse}}</ref> [[Jessie J]],<ref>Kaufman, Gil (26 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1667961/amy-winehouse-rehab-music.jhtml |title= Amy Winehouse's Influence Goes Beyond 'Rehab' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140106031858/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1667961/amy-winehouse-rehab-music.jhtml |archivedate= 6 January 2014}}. MTV News. Viacom.</ref> [[Emeli Sandé]],<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.92profm.com/common/page.php?pt=SPOTLIGHT%3A%20Emeli%20Sande&id=1162&is_corp=0 |title= SPOTLIGHT: Emeli Sande |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140106034440/http://www.92profm.com/common/page.php?pt=SPOTLIGHT%3A+Emeli+Sande&id=1162&is_corp=0 |archivedate= 6 January 2014}}. 92PRO FM. 28 January 2013.</ref> [[Victoria Justice]],<ref>{{cite web|first= Justin |last= Harp |title= Victoria Justice 'reveals musical influences' |url= http://www.digitalspy.com/music/news/a292968/victoria-justice-reveals-musical-influences.html |date= 13 December 2010 |work= [[Digital Spy]] |accessdate= 19 February 2016}}</ref> [[Paloma Faith]],<ref>Baggs, Michael (23 July 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.gigwise.com/photos/74794/1/amy-winehouse-legacy-the-artists-she-inspired |title= Amy Winehouse Legacy: The Artists She Inspired |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140106040617/http://www.gigwise.com/photos/74794/1/amy-winehouse-legacy-the-artists-she-inspired |archivedate= 6 January 2014}}. Gigwise.</ref> [[Lana Del Rey]],<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Reed |last= Fischer |title= Shades of Cool: 12 of Lana Del Rey's Biggest Influences > Amy Winehouse |magazine= Rolling Stone |date= 16 July 2014 |url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/shades-of-cool-12-of-lana-del-reys-biggest-influences-20140716/amy-winehouse-0369522 |accessdate= 22 February 2015}}</ref> [[Sam Smith (singer)|Sam Smith]],<ref>{{cite web|first= Michelle |last= Geslani |title= Sam Smith covers Amy Winehouse's "Love is a Losing Game" – listen |work= [[Consequence of Sound]] |date= 5 November 2015 |accessdate= 17 February 2016 |url= http://consequenceofsound.net/2015/11/sam-smith-covers-amy-winehouses-love-is-a-losing-game-listen/}}</ref> [[Florence Welch]],<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-31749_162-20082521-10391698.html |title= "Rehab" singer Amy Winehouse had wide influence with thin output |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111029164619/http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-31749_162-20082521-10391698.html |archivedate= 29 October 2011}}. [[CBS News]]. 23 July 2011.</ref> [[Halsey (singer)|Halsey]],<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Alexandra |last= Thurmond |title= Sound Scout: Meet Halsey, Songstress Who's Making Waves With Her Feminist Pop Mystique |magazine= [[Teen Vogue]] |date= 11 April 2015 |accessdate= 11 January 2017 |url= http://www.teenvogue.com/story/sound-scout-halsey-interview}}</ref> [[Alessia Cara]],<ref>{{cite web|title= 2nd Alessia Cara |publisher= BBC Music |date= 16 July 2014 |accessdate= 8 January 2017 |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/profiles/558ttb4cX0DN2SfPVkbbLF5/2nd-alessia-cara}}</ref> [[Daya (singer)|Daya]],<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Claire |last= Stern |title= Meet Daya, the 17-Year-Old Pop Artist You Should Be Listening to Now |magazine= [[InStyle]] |date= 6 July 2016 |accessdate= 11 January 2017 |url= http://www.instyle.com/news/daya-interview}}</ref> and [[Estelle (musician)|Estelle]].<ref>{{cite web|title= Selling their soul: women leading the way in R&B British invasion |date=9 June 2008 |publisher=Canada.com |url= http://www.canada.com/story.html?id=eae2e9c5-d992-4afc-ab23-0bb8046b1bcb |accessdate=28 May 2015 |deadurl= yes |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20150131095712/http://www.canada.com/story.html?id=eae2e9c5-d992-4afc-ab23-0bb8046b1bcb |archivedate= 31 January 2015}}</ref>


After the release of ''[[Back to Black]],'' record companies sought out female artists with a similar sound and fearless and experimental female musicians in general. Adele and Duffy were the second wave of artists with a sound similar to Winehouse's. A third wave of female musicians that has emerged since the album was released are led by [[V V Brown]], [[Florence and the Machine]], [[La Roux]] and [[Little Boots]].<ref>Cairns, Dan (26 July 2009). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6725104.ece |title= The rise of a new wave of female singers |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615071457/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6725104.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''The Sunday Times''. 26 July 2009.</ref> In March 2011, the ''New York Daily News'' ran an article attributing the continuing wave of British female artists that have been successful in the United States to Winehouse and her absence. ''[[Spin (magazine)|Spin]]'' magazine music editor Charles Aaron was quoted as saying "Amy Winehouse was the [[Nirvana (band)|Nirvana]] moment for all these women," "They can all be traced back to her in terms of attitude, musical styles or fashion." According to Keith Caulfield, chart manager for ''Billboard'', "Because of Amy, or the lack thereof, the marketplace was able to get singers like Adele, Estelle and Duffy," "Now those ladies have brought on the new ones, like [[Eliza Doolittle (singer)|Eliza Doolittle]], [[Rumer (musician)|Rumer]] and [[Ellie Goulding|Ellie]]."<ref>Farber, Jim (29 March 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music-arts/british-music-invasion-triggered-amy-winehouse-includes-eliza-doolittle-adele-rumer-article-1.117377 |title= British music invasion triggered by Amy Winehouse now includes Eliza Doolittle, Adele, Rumer |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131222222147/http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music-arts/british-music-invasion-triggered-amy-winehouse-includes-eliza-doolittle-adele-rumer-article-1.117377 |archivedate= 22 December 2013}}. ''[[Daily News (New York)|Daily News]]''.</ref>


===Amy Winehouse Foundation===

{{main article|Amy Winehouse Foundation}}

After the singer's death by alcohol intoxication in July 2011, the [[Amy Winehouse Foundation]] was set up by Winehouse's family and launched on 14 September 2011 (which would have been Winehouse's 28th birthday). Its aim is to help young people and it works with other charitable organisations to provide frontline support. Its central office is in North London, but it also has an office in New York (operating under the name 'The Amy Winehouse Foundation US').<ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse Foundation US |url= http://www.amywinehousefoundation.org/us/ |accessdate= 22 November 2014}}</ref> Both [[Jon Snow (journalist)|Jon Snow]] and [[Barbara Windsor]] are patrons for the charity, and ambassadors include [[Keira Chaplin]] and [[Mica Paris]]. In October 2015 [[Mark Ronson]] became a patron.<ref>{{cite news|title= Mark Ronson 'happy' to be Amy patron |work= [[Newsbeat]] |date= 18 October 2015 |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/34542884/mark-ronson-happy-to-be-amy-patron}}</ref> Amy's brother Alex works full-time for the foundation, having given up his career as an online music journalist.<ref name="Alex"/>


The charity itself works to prevent the effects of drug and alcohol misuse on young people and it also aims to support, inform and inspire vulnerable and disadvantaged young people to help them reach their full potential.<ref>{{cite web|title= Charity overview |publisher= [[Charity Commission for England and Wales]] |url= http://apps.charitycommission.gov.uk/Showcharity/RegisterOfCharities/CharityWithPartB.aspx?RegisteredCharityNumber=1143740&SubsidiaryNumber=0 |accessdate= 22 November 2014}}</ref> On 12 March 2013, with the help of ex-addict [[Russell Brand]], the Foundation launched the Amy Winehouse Foundation Resilience Programme For Schools across the UK which aims to provide effective education around drugs, alcohol and dealing with emotional issues.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.amywinehousefoundation.org/the-amy-winehouse-foundation-resilience-programme |title= The Amy Winehouse Foundation Resilience Programme |date= 18 March 2013 |accessdate= 26 February 2016}}</ref>


===Films===


A documentary film, ''[[Amy (2015 film)|Amy]]'' (2015), directed by [[Asif Kapadia]], was released in the United Kingdom on 3 July and worldwide on 10 July. The film attempts to portray Winehouse as a "Fragile Jewish girl" who had a great music talent but unfortunately became a victim to her addictions and eating disorder, while people who should have helped her did not.<ref>{{cite web|first= Debra |last= Nussbaum Cohen |title= Portrait of Amy Winehouse as a Fragile Jewish Girl |newspaper= Haaretz |date= 17 July 2015 |accessdate= 6 July 2017 |url= http://www.haaretz.com/jewish/features/.premium-1.666556}}</ref> The film received its première at the [[2015 Cannes Film Festival]] on 16 May and has been reviewed as "a tragic masterpiece", "brilliant", "heartbreaking" and "unmissable".<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Guy |last= Lodge |title= Cannes Film Review: Amy Winehouse Documentary 'Amy' |date= 16 May 2015 |magazine= [[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] |url= https://variety.com/2015/film/festivals/amy-review-cannes-amy-winehouse-documentary-1201493207/ |accessdate= 28 May 2015}}</ref> The [[Amy (soundtrack)|soundtrack of the same name]] was released on 30 October 2015, along with the DVD that includes music featured in the documentary by film composer [[Antônio Pinto (composer)|Antônio Pinto]] and classic tracks by Winehouse.


The film has received various accolades, including the [[Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature]] at the [[88th Academy Awards|2016 Oscars]], [[Grammy Award for Best Music Film|Best Music Film]] at the [[58th Annual Grammy Awards|2016 Grammy Awards]], the [[69th British Academy Film Awards|BAFTA]] for [[BAFTA Award for Best Documentary|Best Documentary]], the [[2016 MTV Movie Awards|MTV Movie Award]] for Best Documentary, in addition to a nomination for the [[BAFTA Award for Best British Film]].<ref>{{cite news|title= Baftas 2016: the nominations |url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/film/movie-news/bafta-nominations-2016/ |newspaper= [[The Daily Telegraph]] |date= 8 January 2016 |accessdate= 8 January 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|first= Rebecca |last= Ford |title= Oscar Nominations: The Complete List |magazine= [[The Hollywood Reporter]] |date= 14 January 2016 |accessdate= 14 January 2016 |url= http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/oscar-nominations-2016-full-list-855670}}</ref> The success of the film has also led Winehouse her second posthumous nomination for Best British Female Solo Artist at the [[2016 Brit Awards]].<ref>{{cite news|title= Brit Awards 2016: The nominations |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-35319213 |publisher= BBC News |date= 14 January 2016 |accessdate= 15 January 2016}}</ref>


On 5 November 2015, it was announced that a new drama biopic about Winehouse's life simply entitled as ''Amy Winehouse'' is in production, directed and written by [[Kirsten Sheridan]].<ref>{{cite news|first= Benjamin |last= Lee |title= Noomi Rapace in talks to play Amy Winehouse in biopic |date= 5 November 2015 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/nov/05/noomi-rapace-in-talks-to-play-amy-winehouse-in-biopic |newspaper= [[The Guardian]] |accessdate= 8 November 2015}}</ref> It was also revealed that actress [[Noomi Rapace]] is in talks to star as Winehouse.<ref>{{cite journal|first= Dave |last= McNary |title= Noomi Rapace Starring in Amy Winehouse Biopic |url= https://variety.com/2015/film/news/noomi-rapace-starring-amy-winehouse-biopic-1201634797/ |date= 5 November 2015 |magazine= [[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] |accessdate= 8 November 2015}}</ref>


==Personal life==

Although Winehouse was raised Jewish and expressed pride in being Jewish, she was not religious.<ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse: in her own words |newspaper= The Guardian |date= 22 July 2012 |accessdate= 5 July 2017 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/jul/22/amy-winehouse-her-own-words}}</ref> During one interview, Winehouse said "being Jewish to me is about being together as a real family. It’s not about lighting candles and saying a bracha."<ref name="amyw1"/> Winehouse also frequently performed with a large [[Star of David]] medallion.<ref name="amyw1"/>


In 2013, in memory of Winehouse the Jewish Museum in London ran an exhibition titled "Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait".<ref name="amyw1"/> The museum researched about her paternal great-great-grandfather’s arrival from [[Minsk]] in 1890, and how the family finally settled in London, starting out in working-class jobs before gradually moving to middle-class jobs.<ref name="amyw1"/>


Winehouse had 14 known tattoos, including "Daddy's Girl" on her left arm for her father and the name "Cynthia" on her right arm in memory of her Jewish grandmother.<ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse Tattoos |website= Amy Winehouse Forever |accessdate= 5 July 2017 |url= http://amywinehouseforever.org/45/fashion/tattoos/}}</ref>


===Relationships===

Winehouse dated chef-musician [[Alex Clare]] (sometimes referred to as Alex Claire) in 2006, while on a break from her on-off boyfriend and future husband, Blake Fielder-Civil. She and Clare lived together briefly,{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=62}} and in a pattern that Fielder-Civil would later repeat, Clare famously sold his story to the ''[[News of the World]]'', which published it under the headline "Bondage Crazed Amy Just Can't Beehive in Bed."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/music-news/8656986/Amy-Winehouse-1983-2011.html |title= Amy Winehouse: 1983–2011 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110729004020/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/music-news/8656986/Amy-Winehouse-1983-2011.html |archivedate= 29 July 2011}}. The Daily Telegraph. 23 July 2011.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.celebsnow.co.uk/celebrity-news/see-video-amy-winehouse-s-ex-tells-all-about-their-sex-life-235342 |title= Amy Winehouse cut out my heart and stomped on it says ex |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20160929001410/http://www.celebsnow.co.uk/celebrity-news/see-video-amy-winehouse-s-ex-tells-all-about-their-sex-life-235342 |archivedate= 29 September 2016}}. ''[[NOW (UK magazine)|NOW Daily]]''. 29 April 2007.</ref><ref>Hoffman, Claire (10 July 2008). {{cite web|url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/up-all-night-with-amy-winehouse-20080710?page=2 |title= Up All Night With Amy Winehouse: Rolling Stone's 2008 Story |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140101093211/http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/up-all-night-with-amy-winehouse-20080710?page=2 |archivedate= 1 January 2014}}. ''Rolling Stone''. p. 2 of 3.</ref>


Fielder-Civil (born August 1978), a former video production assistant,<ref name="Yahoo! News">{{cite news|title= Singer Amy Winehouse weds in Miami Beach |url= https://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070518/ap_en_ot/people_winehouse |agency= [[Associated Press]] |publisher= [[Yahoo! News]] |date= 18 May 2007 |accessdate= 31 May 2014}}</ref> had dropped out of [[Bourne Grammar School]] and, aged 16, moved to London from his native [[Lincolnshire]].<ref name="RS"/> In a June 2007 interview, Winehouse admitted she could sometimes be violent toward him after she had been drinking, saying: "If he says one thing I don't like, then I'll chin him."<ref name="web.archive.org">Ogunnaike, Lola (1 July 2008). {{cite web|url= http://edition.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/07/01/comment.lola.winehouse/ |title= Commentary: Whither Winehouse? |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120127034242/http://edition.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/07/01/comment.lola.winehouse/ |archivedate= 27 January 2012}}. CNN.</ref> In August 2007, they were photographed, bloodied and bruised, in the streets of London after an alleged fight, although she contended her injuries were self-inflicted.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/08/24/arts/EU-A-E-CEL-Britain-Amy-Winehouse.php |title= Amy Winehouse bloody, bruised after alleged fight with husband |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081207185949/http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/08/24/arts/EU-A-E-CEL-Britain-Amy-Winehouse.php |archivedate= 7 December 2008}}. ''[[International New York Times|International Herald Tribune]]''. 24 August 2007.</ref> Winehouse married Fielder-Civil on 18 May 2007, in [[Miami Beach, Florida]].<ref name="Yahoo! News"/>


Winehouse's parents and in-laws publicly reported their numerous concerns, the latter citing fears that the two might commit suicide. Fielder-Civil's father encouraged fans to boycott Winehouse's music, and Mitch Winehouse said this would not help.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6966640.stm |title= Fans Urged to boycott Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140715223904/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6966640.stm |archivedate= 15 July 2014}}. BBC News. 28 August 2007.</ref> Fielder-Civil was quoted in a British tabloid as saying he introduced Winehouse to [[crack cocaine]] and heroin.<ref>{{cite journal|first= Simon |last= Perry |title= Divorce Drama for Amy Winehouse? |url= http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20243428,00.html |date= 1 December 2008 |magazine= People |accessdate= 31 May 2014}}</ref> During a visit with Mitch Winehouse at the prison in July 2008, Fielder-Civil reportedly said that he and Winehouse would cut themselves to ease the pain of [[Drug withdrawal|withdrawal]].<ref name="RS"/>


From 21 July 2008 to 25 February 2009, Fielder-Civil was imprisoned following his guilty plea on charges of trying to [[Perverting the course of justice|pervert the course of justice]] and of grievous bodily harm with intent.<ref>Addley, Esther (10 June 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jun/10/ukcrime.amywinehouse |title= Crime: Amy Winehouse's husband pleads guilty to GBH and cover-up |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111106211405/http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jun/10/ukcrime.amywinehouse |archivedate= 6 November 2011}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref><ref>{{cite news|title= Winehouse husband must stay in jail, judge rules |date= 21 July 2008 |newspaper= The Times |url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article4372922.ece}}</ref> The incident, in July 2007, involved his assault of a pub landlord that broke the victim's cheek.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7150811.stm |title= Winehouse is arrested by police |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006072040/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7150811.stm |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. BBC News. 18 December 2007.</ref> According to the prosecution, the landlord accepted £200,000 as part of a deal to "effectively throw the [court] case and not turn up," and he testified that the money belonged to Winehouse,<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse husband Blake Fielder-Civil 'used her money to pay off victim' |url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article4107761.ece |newspaper= The Times |date= 11 June 2008}}</ref> but she pulled out of a meeting with the men involved in the plot, to attend an awards ceremony.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7448934.stm |title= Singer absent from 'plot' meeting |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006112139/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7448934.stm |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. BBC News. 11 June 2008.</ref> Mitch Winehouse, as manager of his daughter's money, has denied the payoff came from her.{{sfn|Winehouse|2012}}


When Winehouse was spotted with aspiring actor [[Josh Bowman]] on holiday in [[Saint Lucia]], in early January 2009, she said she was "in love again, and I don't need drugs."<ref name="lucia">{{cite web|url= http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Music/01/12/winehouse.divorce/index.html |title= Amy Winehouse's husband seeks divorce |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090121105952/http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Music/01/12/winehouse.divorce/index.html |archivedate= 21 January 2009}}. CNN. 12 January 2009.</ref> She commented that her "whole marriage was based on doing drugs" and that "for the time being I've just forgotten I'm even married."<ref name="lucia"/> On 12 January, Winehouse's spokesman confirmed that "papers have been received" for what Fielder-Civil's solicitor has said are divorce proceedings based on a claim of adultery.<ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse's husband to file for divorce |publisher= [[MSNBC]] |agency= Associated Press |date= 12 January 2009 |accessdate= 10 June 2016 |url= http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28623391/ |archive-date= 21 January 2009 |archive-url= https://archive.is/20090121184914/http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28623391/ |dead-url= yes}}</ref><ref>Collett-White, Mike (12 January 2009). {{cite web|url= https://www.reuters.com/article/peopleNews/idUSTRE50B55K20090112 |title= Amy Winehouse's husband seeks divorce |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090213021935/http://www.reuters.com/article/peopleNews/idUSTRE50B55K20090112 |archivedate= 13 February 2009}}. [[Reuters]].</ref> In March, Winehouse was quoted in a magazine as saying, "I still love Blake and I want him to move into my new house with me—that was my plan all along ... I won't let him divorce me. He's the male version of me and we're perfect for each other."<ref>{{cite news|author= Laurie I |title= Winehouse 'Won't Let' Husband Divorce Her |date= 24 March 2009 |work= [[San Francisco Chronicle]] |url= http://blog.sfgate.com/dailydish/2009/03/24/winehouse-wont-let-husband-divorce-her/ |accessdate= 31 May 2014}}</ref> Nonetheless, an uncontested divorce was granted on 16 July 2009 and became final on 28 August 2009.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/8153626.stm |title= Winehouse divorces Fielder-Civil |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090719081210/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/8153626.stm |archivedate= 19 July 2009}}. BBC News. 16 July 2009.</ref> Fielder-Civil received no money in the settlement.<ref name="Mitch"/><ref>Isola, Laurie (7 July 2010). {{cite web|url= http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/blogs/dailydish/detail?entry_id=67347 |title= Blake Fielder-Civil received nothing in Amy Winehouse split |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110126031651/http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/blogs/dailydish/detail?entry_id=67347 |archivedate= 26 January 2011}}. ''SFGate''.</ref>


After Winehouse's death, according to [[Pete Doherty]], he and Winehouse were lovers at one point, speaking to the ''Daily Mail'' about it he said "This is difficult for me to admit. But, yes, it's true. Amy and I were lovers. I loved her then and, well, I still do today. But towards the end, as only lovers can, she became quite mean and cruel to me. She didn't suffer fools… and believe me, she had a mean right hook."<ref>{{cite news|first= Piers |last= Hernu |title= My secret affair with Amy Winehouse, by Pete Doherty: Troubled rock star reveals the truth about their explosive romance |newspaper= [[Daily Mail]] |date= 26 November 2012 |accessdate= 6 July 2017 |url= http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2237846/Pete-Doherty-My-secret-affair-Amy-Winehouse.html}}</ref> However, in July 2008, ''Rolling Stone'' reporter Claire Hoffman asked Winehouse about her relationship with Doherty. Winehouse replied: "We're just good friends", and added: "I asked Pete to do a concept EP, and he made this face, he looked at me like I'd pooed on the floor. He wouldn't do it. We're just really close".<ref>{{cite magazine|first= Claire |last= Hoffman |title= Up All Night With Amy Winehouse: Rolling Stone's 2008 Story |magazine= Rolling Stone |date= 10 July 2008 |accessdate= 23 July 2011 |url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/up-all-night-with-amy-winehouse-20080710}}</ref>


===Substance abuse and mental illness===

Winehouse's battles with [[substance abuse]] were the subject of much media attention. In 2005, she went through a period of drinking, heavy drug use, and weight loss.<ref name="Mitch"/><ref name="RS"/> People who saw her during the end of that year and early 2006 reported a rebound that coincided with the writing of ''Back to Black''.<ref name="RS"/> Her family believes that the mid-2006 death of her grandmother, who was a stabilising influence, set her off into addiction.<ref name="RS"/> In August 2007, Winehouse cancelled a number of shows in the UK and Europe, citing exhaustion and ill health. She was hospitalised during this period for what was reported as an [[drug overdose|overdose]] of heroin, [[MDMA|ecstasy]], cocaine, [[ketamine]] and alcohol.<ref name="Telegraph">{{cite news|first= Anita |last= Singh |newspaper= The Daily Telegraph |title= Amy Winehouse bailed over drugs video |url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/1937076/Amy-Winehouse-bailed-over-drugs-video.html |date= 8 May 2008 |accessdate= 2 June 2014}}</ref> In various interviews, she admitted to having problems with [[self-harm]], depression, and [[eating disorder]]s.<ref name="DD"/><ref name="Profile"/>


Winehouse told a magazine that the drugs were to blame for her hospitalisation and that "I really thought that it was over for me then."<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse was not hospitalized for 'exhaustion' |newspaper= Los Angeles Times |url= http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/lat-rev_3_k6eyeonc20080924190121-photo.html |accessdate= 28 May 2015}}</ref> Soon afterward, Winehouse's father commented that when he had made public statements regarding her problems he was using the media because it seemed the only way to get through to her.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7296067.stm |title= Who'd be a pop star's parent? |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131222162143/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7296067.stm |archivedate= 22 December 2013}}. BBC News. 17 March 2008.</ref> In an interview with ''[[The Album Chart Show]]'' on British television, Winehouse said she was [[Bipolar disorder|manic depressive]] and not alcoholic, adding that that sounded like "an alcoholic in denial."<ref>Salahi, Lara (25 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://abcnews.go.com/Health/w_MindBodyNews/amy-winehouse-career-shadowed-addiction/story?id=14145112 |title= Amy Winehouse: Career Shadowed by Manic Depression |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110724223226/http://abcnews.go.com/Health/w_MindBodyNews/amy-winehouse-career-shadowed-addiction/story?id=14145112 |archivedate= 24 July 2011}}. [[ABC News]].</ref> A US reporter writes that Winehouse was a "victim of mental illness in a society that doesn't understand or respond to mental illness with great effectiveness."<ref>Sparber, Max (25 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.minnpost.com/max-about-town/2011/07/death-amy-winehouse |title= On the death of Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110819021710/http://www.minnpost.com/max-about-town/2011/07/death-amy-winehouse |archivedate= 19 August 2011}}. ''[[MinnPost]]''. Her mental illness described also in {{cite news|first=Courtland |last=Milloy |title= Amy Winehouse another tragic victim of manic depression |date=24 July 2011 |url= https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/amy-winehouse-another-tragic-victim-of-manic-depression/2011/07/24/gIQAW3FJXI_story.html |newspaper=The Washington Post}} and {{cite news|first=Sally |last=Satel |title= Amy Winehouse's Killers |newspaper=The Wall Street Journal |publisher=Dow Jones |url= https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424053111903999904576470080054135712 |date=27 July 2011 |accessdate=28 July 2011}}</ref>


In December 2007, Winehouse's spokesman reported that the singer was in a physician-supervised programme and was channelling her difficulties by writing a lot of music.<ref>Rubin, Courtney (10 December 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20165333%2C00.html |title= Amy Winehouse 'Determined' to Attend Grammys |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130920153720/http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20165333%2C00.html |archivedate= 20 September 2013}}. ''People''.</ref> The British tabloid ''[[The Sun (United Kingdom)|The Sun]]'' posted a video of a woman, alleged to be Winehouse, apparently smoking crack cocaine and speaking of having taken ecstasy and [[valium]]. Winehouse's father moved in with her,<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0%2C22049%2C23101962-5001026%2C00.html |title= Amy Winehouse living with her father, under 24-hour watch |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080127120136/http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0%2C22049%2C23101962-5001026%2C00.html |archivedate= 27 January 2008}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''. 24 January 2008.</ref> and [[Island Records]], her record label, announced the abandonment of plans for an American promotion campaign on her behalf.<ref name="jan24"/> In late January 2008, Winehouse reportedly entered a rehabilitation facility for a two-week treatment program.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/International_Buzz/Amy_takes_the_rehab_route/articleshow/2736616.cms |title= Amy takes the rehab route |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090112235052/http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/International_Buzz/Amy_takes_the_rehab_route/articleshow/2736616.cms |archivedate= 12 January 2009}}. ''[[The Times of India]]''. 12 January 2009.</ref>


On 23 January 2008, the video was passed on to the [[Metropolitan Police]],<ref name="jan24">{{cite news|title= Winehouse may be charged over drugs video |url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/article3237556.ece |newspaper= The Times |date= 24 January 2008}}</ref> who questioned her on 5 February.<ref>{{cite web|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/07/arts/07arts-WINEHOUSEQUE_BRF.html?_r=3&Ref=arts |title= Winehouse Questioned About Drugs |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141126193707/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/07/arts/07arts-WINEHOUSEQUE_BRF.html?_r=3&Ref=arts |archivedate= 26 November 2014}}. ''The New York Times''. 7 February 2008.</ref> No charges were brought. On 26 March 2008, Winehouse's spokesman said she was "doing well."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.usmagazine.com/rep_amy_winehouse_not_returning_to_rehab |title= Rep: Amy Winehouse Not Returning to Rehab |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080330165100/http://www.usmagazine.com/rep_amy_winehouse_not_returning_to_rehab |archivedate= 30 March 2008}}. ''[[Us Weekly|Us Magazine]]''. 26 March 2008.</ref> Her record company reportedly believed that her recovery remained fragile.<ref>Sherwin, Adam (21 March 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3788805.ece |title= Rep: Amy Winehouse Not Returning to Rehab |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080330165100/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3788805.ece |archivedate= 30 March 2008}}. ''The Times''.</ref> By late April 2008, her erratic behaviour, including an allegation of assault, caused fear that her drug rehabilitation efforts had been unsuccessful,<ref>Miller, Vikki (26 April 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.usmagazine.com/rep_amy_winehouse_not_returning_to_rehab |title= Rep: Amy Winehouse Not Returning to Rehab |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081207114941/http://www.usmagazine.com/rep_amy_winehouse_not_returning_to_rehab |archivedate= 7 December 2008}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref> leading to efforts by Winehouse's father and manager to seek assistance in having her [[Involuntary commitment#United Kingdom|involuntarily committed]].<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bostonherald.com/track/celebrity/view.bg?articleid=1090113&srvc=home&position=also |title= Papa Winehouse 'committed' to Amy's care |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081207173335/http://news.bostonherald.com/track/celebrity/view.bg?articleid=1090113&srvc=home&position=also |archivedate= 7 December 2008}}. ''[[Boston Herald]]''.</ref> Her dishevelled appearance during and after a scheduled club night in September sparked new rumours of a relapse. Photographers were quoted as saying she appeared to have cuts on her legs and arms.<ref>Gregory, Jason (12 September 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.gigwise.com/news/46010/amy-winehouse-sparks-new-health-fears-after-wild-night-out |title= Amy Winehouse Sparks New Health Fears After Wild Night Out |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20120710202023/http://www.gigwise.com/news/46010/amy-winehouse-sparks-new-health-fears-after-wild-night-out |archivedate= 10 July 2012}}. Gigwise.</ref>


According to her physician, Winehouse quit illegal substances in 2008.<ref name="coronor">Davies, Caroline (26 October 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/oct/26/amy-winehouse-verdict-misadventure |title= Amy Winehouse inquest records verdict of misadventure |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111027211038/http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/oct/26/amy-winehouse-verdict-misadventure |archivedate= 27 October 2011}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> In an October 2010 interview, speaking of her decision to quit drugs, Winehouse said, "I literally woke up one day and was like, 'I don't want to do this any more'."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://stylenews.peoplestylewatch.com/2010/10/05/amy-winehouse-unveils-her-fred-perry-designs/?xid=rss-topheadlines |title= Amy Winehouse Unveils Her Fred Perry Designs |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110721091805/http://stylenews.peoplestylewatch.com/2010/10/05/amy-winehouse-unveils-her-fred-perry-designs/?xid=rss-topheadlines |archivedate= 21 July 2011}}. ''People''. StyleWatch. 5 October 2010.</ref> Drinking alcohol emerged as a problem with Winehouse abstaining for a few weeks then lapsing.<ref name="coronor"/> The physician said that Winehouse was treated with [[Chlordiazepoxide|Librium]] for [[alcohol withdrawal]] and anxiety, and underwent psychological and psychiatric evaluations in 2010, but refused psychological therapy.<ref name="coronor"/>


===Violence and legal difficulties===

In 2006, Winehouse admitted to punching a female fan in the face for criticising her having taken Blake Fielder-Civil as a husband. She then attacked her own spouse as he attempted to calm her down.<ref name="web.archive.org"/> In October 2007, Winehouse and Fielder-Civil were arrested in [[Bergen]], Norway, for possession of seven grams of [[Cannabis (drug)|cannabis]]. The couple were later released and fined 3850 [[Norwegian krone|kroner]] (around £350).<ref name="summoned">{{cite web|url= http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/women/celebrity/article5425837.ece |title= Amy Winehouse is summoned to court over drugs appeal |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615162240/http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/women/celebrity/article5425837.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''[[Boston Herald]]''. 1 January 2009.</ref> Winehouse first appealed the fines,<ref name="summoned"/><ref>White, Nicholas (27 December 2007). {{cite web|url= http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20168379%2C00.html?xid=rss-fullcontentcnn |title= Amy Winehouse summoned to appear in court in Norway for drug conviction |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080220194723/http://www.people.com/people/article/0%2C%2C20168379%2C00.html?xid=rss-fullcontentcnn |archivedate= 20 February 2008}}. ''People''.</ref> but later dropped the appeal.<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse drops drug case appeal in Norway |newspaper= [[USA Today]] |date= 6 January 2009 |url= http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/people/2009-01-06-winehouse-drops-appeal_N.htm |agency= Associated Press |accessdate= 28 May 2015}}</ref>


On 26 April 2008, Winehouse was [[Police caution|cautioned]] after she admitted to police she slapped a 38-year-old man in the face, a "[[common assault]]" offence, her first of two. She voluntarily turned herself in and was held overnight. Police said, at her arrival she was "in no fit state" to be interviewed.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7368560.stm |title= Winehouse cautioned over assault |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080430174711/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7368560.stm |archivedate= 30 April 2008}}. BBC News. 26 April 2008.</ref> Ten days later, Winehouse was arrested on suspicion of possessing drugs after a video of her apparently smoking crack cocaine was passed to the police in January, but was released on bail a few hours later because they could not confirm, from the video, what she was smoking.<ref name="Telegraph"/><ref>{{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3892427.ece |title= Amy Winehouse released after arrest over 'drugs video' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080516084848/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article3892427.ece |archivedate= 16 May 2008}}. ''[[The Times]]''. 8 May 2008.</ref> The Crown Prosecution Service considered charging her, but cleared her when it could not establish that the substance in the video was a controlled drug.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.cps.gov.uk/news/pressreleases/135_08.html |title= CPS statement: Amy Winehouse suspected drug abuse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080530153049/http://www.cps.gov.uk/news/pressreleases/135_08.html |archivedate= 30 May 2008}}. [[Crown Prosecution Service]]. 30 May 2008.</ref> Some members of [[Parliament of the United Kingdom|Parliament]] reacted negatively.<ref>{{cite web|first= Nina |last= Sahu |title= Amy Winehouse escapes charges over drug video |publisher= TopNews.in |date= 15 May 2008 |url= http://www.topnews.in/light/amy-winehouse-escapes-charges-over-drug-video-210864 |accessdate= 2 June 2014}}</ref> Two London residents were subsequently charged with [[Conspiracy (criminal)|conspiracy]] to supply cocaine and ecstasy to Winehouse.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7482889.stm |title= Winehouse drug accused in court |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080701122221/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7482889.stm |archivedate= 1 July 2008}}. BBC News. 1 July 2008.</ref> One of the pair was sentenced to two years in prison on 13 December 2008, while the other received a two-year community order.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7754095.stm |title= Jail for Winehouse drug plot man |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081212174645/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7754095.stm |archivedate= 12 December 2008}}. BBC News. 12 December 2008.</ref>


On 5 March 2009, Winehouse was arrested and charged with common assault following a claim by Sharene Flash that Winehouse hit her in the eye at the September 2008 Prince's Trust charity ball.<ref>Itzkoff, Dave (6 March 2009). {{cite web|url= https://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/07/arts/music/07arts-WINEHOUSECHA_BRF.html |title= Winehouse Charged With Assaulting Fan |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090417080232/http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/07/arts/music/07arts-WINEHOUSECHA_BRF.html |archivedate= 17 April 2009}}. ''The New York Times''.</ref> Winehouse's spokesperson announced the cancellation of the singer's US [[Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival|Coachella Festival]] appearance in light of the new legal issue,<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7932675.stm |title= Winehouse pulls out of Coachella |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090312023451/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7932675.stm |archivedate= 12 March 2009}}. BBC News. 9 March 2009.</ref> and Winehouse appeared in court on 17 March to enter her plea of not guilty.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.itv.com/News/Articles/Winehouse-denies-assault-charge-618248604.html |title= Winehouse denies assault charge |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090320083513/http://www.itv.com/News/Articles/Winehouse-denies-assault-charge-618248604.html |archivedate= 20 March 2009}}. [[ITV (TV network)|ITV]]. 17 March 2009.</ref> On 23 July, her trial began with prosecutor Lyall Thompson charging that Winehouse acted with "deliberate and unjustifiable violence" while appearing to be under the influence of alcohol or another substance. She testified that she did not punch Flash, but tried to push her away because she was scared of her; she cited her worry that Flash would sell her story to a tabloid, Flash's height advantage, and Flash's "rude" behaviour.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2009/jul/23/amy-winehouse-punched-dancer |title= Amy Winehouse 'punched dancer after photo request |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090726110318/http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2009/jul/23/amy-winehouse-punched-dancer |archivedate= 26 July 2009}}. ''The Guardian''. Press Association.</ref><ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse: I'm too short to have punched anyone |newspaper= The Times |date= 23 July 2009 |url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article6724868.ece}}</ref> On 24 July, District Judge [[Timothy Workman]] ruled that Winehouse was not guilty, citing the facts that all but two of the witnesses were intoxicated at the time of the incident and that medical evidence did not show "the sort of injury that often occurs when there is a forceful punch to the eye."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/8167205.stm |title= Winehouse not guilty of assault |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20090724163453/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/8167205.stm |archivedate= 24 July 2009}}. BBC News. 24 July 2009.</ref>


On 19 December 2009, Winehouse was arrested for a third time on charges of common assault, plus another charge of [[Public Order Act 1986|public order offence]] after assaulting the front-of-house manager of the [[Milton Keynes Theatre]] after he asked her to move from her seat.<ref>Naughton, Philippe (24 December 2009). {{cite web|url= http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article6966553.ece |title= Rep: Amy Winehouse Not Returning to Rehab |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100325135536/http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article6966553.ece |archivedate= 25 March 2010}}. ''The Times''.</ref> Winehouse plead guilty to the charges and was given a conditional discharge.<ref>{{cite news|title= Amy Winehouse admits pantomime assault |publisher= BBC News |date= 20 January 2010 |accessdate= 2 October 2016 |url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8469498.stm}}</ref>


===Paparazzi===

With the [[paparazzi]] taking photographs of her wherever they could, Winehouse obtained an [[injunction]] against a leading paparazzi agency, Big Pictures, under the [[Protection from Harassment Act 1997]]; the resultant court order issued by the [[High Court of Justice|High Court]] in 2009 banned them from following her.<ref name="paparazzi">Dowell, Ben; Robinson, James (1 May 2009). {{cite web|url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2009/may/01/amy-winehouse-big-pictures-paparazzi-privacy |title= Amy Winehouse wins court ban on paparazzi at her home |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131021180520/http://www.theguardian.com/music/2009/may/01/amy-winehouse-big-pictures-paparazzi-privacy |archivedate= 21 October 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref> Photographers were also banned from following her within 100 metres of her London home and photographing Winehouse in her home or the homes of her friends and relatives. According to a newspaper report, sources close to the singer said legal action was taken out of concern for the safety of Winehouse and those close to her.<ref name="paparazzi"/>


===Respiratory and other health problems===

On 23 June 2008, Winehouse's publicist corrected earlier misstatements by Mitch Winehouse that his daughter had early stage [[Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease|emphysema]], instead claiming she had signs of what could lead to early-stage emphysema.<ref>{{cite news|title= Spokeswoman: Amy Winehouse doesn't have emphysema |url= https://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2008-06-23-amy-winehouse_N.htm |newspaper= USA Today |date= 23 June 2008}}</ref> Mitch Winehouse had also stated that his daughter's [[Lung volumes|lungs were operating at 70 percent capacity]] and that she had an [[Cardiac dysrhythmia|irregular heartbeat]]. He said that these problems had been caused by her [[chain smoking]] crack cocaine. The singer's father also reported that doctors had warned Winehouse that, if she continued smoking [[crack cocaine]], she would have to wear an [[oxygen mask]] and would eventually die.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/06/22/arts/EU-A-E-CEL-Britain-Winehouse.php |title= Singer Amy Winehouse has lung damage and irregular heart beat, says her father |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080629040646/http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/06/22/arts/EU-A-E-CEL-Britain-Winehouse.php |archivedate= 29 June 2008}}. ''International Herald Tribune''. Associated Press.</ref> In a radio interview, Mitch Winehouse said the singer was responding "fabulously" to treatment, which included being covered with [[nicotine patch]]es.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7469071.stm |title= Dad says Winehouse flourishing |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131030005743/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7469071.stm |archivedate= 30 October 2013}}. BBC News. 23 June 2008.</ref> British Lung Foundation spokesman Keith Prowse noted this type of condition could be managed with treatment. Prowse also said the condition was not normal for a person her age but "heavy smoking and inhaling other substances like drugs can age the lungs prematurely."<ref>Schmidt, Veronica (23 June 2008). {{cite web|url= http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4197311.ece |title= Amy Winehouse diagnosed with emphysema |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110615071540/http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article4197311.ece |archivedate= 15 June 2011}}. ''Times Online''.</ref> Norman H. Edelman of the [[American Lung Association]] explained that if she stopped smoking, her lung functions would decline at the rate of a normal person, but continued smoking would lead to a more rapid decline in lung function.<ref>Kaufman, Gil (23 June 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1589794/20080623/winehouse_amy.jhtml |title= Amy Winehouse's Father Clarifies Diagnosis, Sort Of: 'She Has A Small Amount Of Emphysema' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20080928051853/http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1589794/20080623/winehouse_amy.jhtml |archivedate= 28 September 2008}}. [[MTV]]. [[Viacom Media Networks|MTV Networks]].</ref>


Winehouse was released from the [[London Clinic]] 24 hours after returning from a temporary leave to perform at [[Nelson Mandela]]'s 90th birthday and at a concert in Glastonbury, and continued receiving treatment as an [[outpatient]].<ref>{{cite news|title= Winehouse leaves London clinic |agency= United Press International |date= 1 July 2008 |url= http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/07/01/Winehouse_leaves_London_clinic/UPI-75471214921764/ |accessdate= 23 July 2011}}</ref> In July 2008, Winehouse stated that she had been diagnosed with "some areas of emphysema" and said she was getting herself together by "eating loads of healthy food, sleeping loads, playing my guitar, making music and writing letters to my husband every day."<ref>Singh, Anita (22 July 2008). {{cite web|url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/2446305/Amy-Winehouse-I-want-five-kids-and-to-appear-on-Countdown.html |title= Amy Winehouse: I want five kids and to appear on Countdown |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131209085237/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/2446305/Amy-Winehouse-I-want-five-kids-and-to-appear-on-Countdown.html |archivedate= 9 December 2013}}. ''The Daily Telegraph''.</ref> She also kept a vertical [[tanning bed]] in her flat.<ref name="Hoffman"/> Winehouse began precautionary testing on her lungs and chest on 25 October 2008<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.today.com/id/27402636 |title= Winehouse back in the hospital for more tests |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131102082512/http://www.today.com/id/27402636 |archivedate= 2 November 2013}}. ''[[Today (U.S. TV program)|Today]]''. [[MSNBC]]. 27 October 2008.</ref> at the London Clinic for what was reported as a chest infection. Winehouse was in and out of the facility and was granted permission to set her own schedule regarding home leave.<ref name="Nov"/> She returned to the hospital on 23 November 2008 for a reported reaction to her medication.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://edition.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/11/25/amy.winehouse.hospital/index.html |title= Amy Winehouse hospitalized for drug reaction |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20081217154734/http://edition.cnn.com/2008/SHOWBIZ/Music/11/25/amy.winehouse.hospital/index.html |archivedate= 17 December 2008}}. CNN. 25 November 2008.</ref>


==Death==

[[File:Amy Winehouse Memorial.jpg|thumb|right|upright|Tributes outside Amy Winehouse's home at [[Camden Square]] days following her death on 23 July 2011]]


Winehouse's bodyguard said that he had arrived at her residence three days before her death and felt she had been somewhat intoxicated. He observed moderate drinking over the next few days. He observed her "laughing, listening to music and watching TV at 2 a.m. the day of her death". According to the bodyguard, at 10 a.m. he observed her lying on her bed and tried unsuccessfully to rouse her. This did not raise much suspicion because she usually slept late after a night out. According to the bodyguard, shortly after 3{{nbsp}}pm, he checked on her again and observed her lying in the same position as before, leading to a further check, in which he concluded that she was not breathing and had no pulse. He said he subsequently called emergency services.<ref name="coronor"/>


At 3:54{{nbsp}}p.m. [[British Summer Time|BST]] on 23 July 2011, two ambulances were called to Winehouse's home in [[London Borough of Camden|Camden]], London.<ref>Roberts, Randall (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/music_blog/2011/07/amy-winehouse-found-dead-in-her-london-home.html |title= Soul singer Amy Winehouse found dead in her London home |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111107042814/http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/music_blog/2011/07/amy-winehouse-found-dead-in-her-london-home.html |archivedate= 7 November 2011}}. ''Los Angeles Times''.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14272032 |title= Amy Winehouse post-mortem takes place |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110725170851/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14272032 |archivedate= 25 July 2011}}. BBC News. 25 July 2011.</ref> Winehouse was pronounced dead at the scene. Shortly afterwards, the [[Metropolitan Police Service|Metropolitan Police]] confirmed that she had died.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14262237 |title= Amy Winehouse found dead, aged 27 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110723215847/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14262237 |archivedate= 23 July 2011}}. BBC News. 24 July 2011.</ref> After her death was announced, media and camera crews appeared, as crowds gathered near Winehouse's residence to pay their respects. [[Forensic science|Forensic]] investigators entered the flat as police cordoned off the street outside; they recovered one small and two large bottles of vodka from her room.<ref name="coronor"/> After her death, the singer broke her second Guinness World Record: for the most songs by a woman to simultaneously appear on the UK singles chart, with eight.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2012/9/rihanna-lady-gaga-and-adele-break-world-records-with-digital-music-sales-44685/ |title= Rihanna, Lady Gaga and Adele break World Records with digital music sales |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141006090234/http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2012/9/rihanna-lady-gaga-and-adele-break-world-records-with-digital-music-sales-44685/ |archivedate= 6 October 2014}}. ''[[Guinness World Records]]''. 7 September 2012.</ref>


A coroner's [[inquest]] reached a verdict of [[Death by misadventure#Verdict|misadventure]]. The report released on 26 October 2011 explained that Winehouse's [[blood alcohol content]] was 416{{nbsp}}mg per 100 ml (0.416%) at the time of her death, more than five times [[Drunk driving law by country#United Kingdom|the legal drink-drive limit]].<ref name="coronor"/> According to the coroner, "The unintended consequences of such potentially fatal levels was her sudden death."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-15453517 |title= Amy Winehouse death: Coroner records misadventure verdict |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20111026173145/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-15453517 |archivedate= 26 October 2011}}. 26 October 2011. BBC News.</ref>


[[File:Amy-Winehouse-Tribute-Concert-Bucharest.jpg|thumb|right|Romanian singers [[Rona Hartner]], [[Paula Seling]], [[Nico (Romanian singer)|Nico]] and [[Maria Radu]] performing at a memorial Amy Winehouse concert in [[Bucharest]] on 23 October 2011]]


Winehouse's record label, [[Universal Republic Records|Universal Republic]], released a statement that read in part: "We are deeply saddened at the sudden loss of such a gifted musician, artist and performer."<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.mtv.co.uk/amy-winehouse/news/amy-winehouse-found-dead |title= Amy Winehouse Found Dead |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20141019125906/http://www.mtv.co.uk/amy-winehouse/news/amy-winehouse-found-dead |archivedate= 19 October 2014}}. MTV. Viacom. 27 March 2011.</ref> Many musical artists have since paid tribute to Winehouse including [[U2]], [[M.I.A. (rapper)|M.I.A.]], [[Lady Gaga]], [[Marianne Faithfull]], [[Bruno Mars]], [[Nicki Minaj]], [[Keisha Buchanan]], [[Rihanna]], [[George Michael]], [[Adele]], [[Kelly Clarkson]], [[Courtney Love]],<ref>Baltin, Steve (23 July 2011). {{cite web|url= https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/courtney-love-on-amy-winehouse-im-gutted-20110723 |title= Courtney Love on Amy Winehouse: 'I'm Gutted' |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110725012541/http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/courtney-love-on-amy-winehouse-im-gutted-20110723 |archivedate= 25 July 2011}}. ''Rolling Stone''.</ref> and the punk rock band [[Green Day]], who wrote a song in her tribute titled "Amy".<ref>{{cite news|first= Gil |last= Kaufman |title= Amy Winehouse Funeral Held in London |url= http://www.mtv.com/news/1667901/amy-winehouse-funeral-in-london/ |publisher= MTV. Viacom |date= 26 July 2011 |accessdate= 26 July 2011}}</ref> In her 2012 album ''[[Banga (album)|Banga]]'', singer [[Patti Smith]] released "This Is the Girl," written as a homage to Winehouse.<ref>{{cite journal|first= James |last= Hendicott |title= Patti Smith pays tribute to Amy Winehouse on new album 'Banga' |date= 2 April 2012 |magazine= [[NME]] |url= http://www.nme.com/news/patti-smith/62993 |accessdate= 23 July 2015}}</ref> [[Mark Ronson]] dedicated his UK number one album ''[[Uptown Special]]'' to Winehouse, stating: "I'm always thinking of you and inspired by you."<ref>{{cite news|title= Ronson dedicates album to Winehouse |newspaper= Irish Independent |date= 13 January 2015 |accessdate= 7 October 2016 |url= http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/music/ronson-dedicates-album-to-winehouse-30907367.html}}</ref> There was a large amount of media attention devoted to the [[27 Club]] once again.<ref>{{cite news|first= Jen |last= Chaney |first2= Sarah Anne |last2= Hughes |title= Amy Winehouse, Jimi Hendrix, Kurt Cobain and the 27 Club |date= 23 July 2011 |newspaper= The Washington Post |accessdate= 24 July 2015 |url= https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/celebritology/post/amy-winehouse-jimi-hendrix-kurt-cobain-and-the-27-club/2011/07/23/gIQAiLAhVI_blog.html}}</ref> Three years earlier, she had expressed a fear of dying at that age.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.inquisitr.com/13488/stating-the-obvious-amy-winehouse-fears-early-death/ |title= Stating the Obvious, Amy Winehouse Fears Early Death |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140813222441/http://www.inquisitr.com/13488/stating-the-obvious-amy-winehouse-fears-early-death/ |archivedate= 13 August 2014}}. Inquisitr.com. 28 December 2008.</ref>


Family and friends attended Winehouse's funeral on 26 July 2011 at [[Jewish cemeteries in London|Edgwarebury Lane cemetery]] in north London.<ref name="TimeFuneral"/><ref name="BBCFuneral"/><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14285327 |title= Family plan private funeral for Amy Winehouse |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110725221833/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14285327 |archivedate= 25 July 2011}}. BBC News. 25 July 2011.</ref> Her mother and father, Janis and Mitch Winehouse, close friend [[Kelly Osbourne]], producer Mark Ronson, and her boyfriend Reg Traviss were among those in attendance at the private service led by Rabbi Frank Hellner.<ref name="TimeFuneral"/><ref name="BBCFuneral">Saunders, Emma (26 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14289084 |title= Singer Amy Winehouse bows out gracefully |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110728173605/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14289084 |archivedate= 28 July 2011}}. BBC News.</ref> Her father delivered the eulogy, saying "Goodnight, my angel, sleep tight. Mummy and Daddy love you ever so much."<ref name="TimeFuneral">{{cite news|first= Glen |last= Levy |url= http://newsfeed.time.com/2011/07/26/good-night-my-angel-friends-and-family-gather-for-amy-winehouses-funeral/ |title= 'Good Night, My Angel': Friends and Family Gather for Amy Winehouse's Funeral |magazine= Time |date= 26 July 2011 |accessdate= 26 July 2011}}</ref> Carole King's "[[So Far Away (Carole King song)|So Far Away]]" closed the service with mourners singing along.<ref>{{cite web|title= Amy Winehouse Laid To Rest |date= 26 July 2011 |url= http://b96.radio.com/2011/07/26/amy-winehouse-laid-to-rest/ |publisher= [[WBBM-FM|Chicago's B96]]}}</ref> She was later [[Cremation|cremated]] at [[Golders Green Crematorium]].<ref name="Marikar">Marikar, Sheila (26 July 2011). {{cite web|url= http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/amy-winehouse-funeral-singer-cremated-service/story?id=14154202 |title= Amy Winehouse to Be Cremated Following Emotional Funeral |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110726224958/http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/amy-winehouse-funeral-singer-cremated-service/story?id=14154202 |archivedate= 26 July 2011}}. ABC News.</ref> The family planned to sit a two-day [[Shiva (Judaism)|shiva]].<ref name="Marikar"/> Winehouse's parents set up The Amy Winehouse Foundation to prevent harm from drug misuse among young people, and Amy Winehouse's brother Alex is an employee.<ref name="Alex">{{cite news|first= Elizabeth |last= Day |title= Growing up with my sister Amy Winehouse |newspaper= The Guardian |date= 23 June 2013 |accessdate= 25 June 2013 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/jun/23/amy-winehouse-growing-up-sister?CMP=EMCNEWEML6619I2}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14306472 |title= Amy Winehouse foundation for addiction planned |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20110727171955/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-14306472 |archivedate= 27 July 2011}}. BBC News. 27 July 2011.</ref> Winehouse did not leave a will; her estate is inherited by her parents.<ref>{{cite journal|first= Danielle |last= Mayoras |first2= Andy |last2= Mayoras |title= Amy Winehouse Didn't Have a Will After All, But Did Have Millions |magazine= [[Forbes]] |date= 28 March 2012 |accessdate= 14 June 2012 |url= https://www.forbes.com/sites/trialandheirs/2012/03/28/amy-winehouse-didnt-have-a-will-after-all-but-did-have-millions/}}</ref>


On 17 December 2012, British authorities reopened the probe of Winehouse's death.<ref>Duke, Alan (18 December 2012). {{cite web|url= http://www.cnn.com/2012/12/17/showbiz/amy-winehouse-probe/index.html |title= Amy Winehouse death probe reopened |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20121217205950/http://www.cnn.com/2012/12/17/showbiz/amy-winehouse-probe/index.html |archivedate= 17 December 2012}}. CNN.</ref> On 8 January 2013, a second inquest confirmed that Winehouse died of accidental alcohol poisoning.<ref>{{cite web|url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-20944431 |title= Amy Winehouse inquest: Singer drank herself to death |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20140329134528/http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-20944431 |archivedate= 29 March 2014}}. BBC News. 8 January 2013.</ref> In a late June 2013 interview, Alex Winehouse revealed his belief that his sister's eating disorder, and the consequent physical weakness, was the primary cause of her death:


<blockquote>She suffered from [[bulimia nervosa|bulimia]] very badly. That's not, like, a revelation – you knew just by looking at her… She would have died eventually, the way she was going, but what really killed her was the bulimia… I think that it left her weaker and more susceptible. Had she not had an eating disorder, she would have been physically stronger.<ref name="Alex"/></blockquote>


==Posthumous retrospectives==

Winehouse's parents have each written memoirs about their daughter and donated the proceeds from both books to the [[Amy Winehouse Foundation]]. In the introduction to Mitch Winehouse's biography, entitled ''Amy: My Daughter'' (2012), he explained: "Apart from being her father, I was also her friend, confidant and adviser—not that she always took my advice, but she always heard me out."{{sfn|Winehouse|2012|p=ix}} Her mother Janis published ''Loving Amy: A Mother's Story'', in 2014.<ref>{{cite interview|first= Janis |last= Winehouse |title= Interview: Janis Winehouse |interviewer= Charlotte Oliver |newspaper= [[The Jewish Chronicle]] |date= 23 September 2014 |accessdate= 16 August 2015 |url= http://www.thejc.com/lifestyle/lifestyle-features/123295/interview-janis-winehouse}}</ref>


Winehouse is the subject of ''[[Amy (2015 film)|Amy]]'' (2015), a documentary directed by [[Asif Kapadia]] and produced by [[James Gay-Rees]], Kapadia, and Universal Music.<ref>{{cite news|first= David |last= Itzkoff |title= Amy Winehouse Documentary Coming From Director of 'Senna' |url= http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/25/amy-winehouse-documentary-coming-from-director-of-senna/ |newspaper= The New York Times |date= 25 April 2013 |accessdate= 4 July 2013}}</ref> Kapadia and Gay-Rees introduced the project at the 2013 [[Cannes Film Festival]].<ref>McNary, Dave (24 April 2013). {{cite web|url= https://variety.com/2013/film/news/amy-winehouse-senna-documentary-1200412204/ |title= Amy Winehouse Documentary Planned by 'Senna' Director |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131019110621/http://variety.com/2013/film/news/amy-winehouse-senna-documentary-1200412204/ |archivedate= 19 October 2013}}. ''[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]''.</ref> The film debuted at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival<ref>{{cite news|first= Geoffrey |last= Macnab |title= Amy, Cannes film review: Brilliant, unutterably sad film depicts the descent of Amy Winehouse |newspaper= The Independent |url= https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/reviews/amy-cannes-film-review-brilliant-unutterably-sad-film-depicts-the-descent-of-amy-winehouse-10241679.html |accessdate= 16 April 2015}}</ref> and won the 2016 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.<ref>{{cite news|first= Jessica |last= Clark |title= All the winners from the 2016 Oscars |website= [[Yahoo!]] |accessdate= 29 February 2016 |deadurl= yes |url= https://au.entertainment.yahoo.com/celebrity/news/a/30962276/2016-oscars-winners-list/ |archivedate= 4 March 2016 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20160304080637/https://au.entertainment.yahoo.com/celebrity/news/a/30962276/2016-oscars-winners-list/}}</ref>


An exhibit of Winehouse's personal items, co-curated by her brother and sister-in-law, entitled ''Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait'', was on display at the [[Jewish Museum London]] from 3 July 2013 until 15 September 2013.<ref>{{cite web|title= Past Exhibitions: Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait |url= http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/Amy |website= Jewish Museum London |accessdate= 5 August 2015}}</ref> Display items, such as books and music, were featured together with captions written by Winehouse's brother.<ref>Brown, Mark (4 July 2013). {{cite web|url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/jul/02/amy-winehouse-jewish-museum-exhibition |title= Amy Winehouse's possessions go on display at Jewish Museum in London |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20130716225321/http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/jul/02/amy-winehouse-jewish-museum-exhibition |archivedate= 16 July 2013}}. ''The Guardian''.</ref>


In late 2011, there were reports that Winehouse's former boyfriend, Reg Traviss, was developing a film about her. Winehouse's father Mitch Winehouse, who owns the copyright to his daughter's music, said he would not authorise the use of her music for the film.<ref>Boardman, Madeline (22 November 2013). {{cite web|url= http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/22/amy-winehouse-movie_n_4323049.html?ir=Entertainment |title= Amy Winehouse's Dad Shoots Down Movie Rumors |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20131209072506/http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/22/amy-winehouse-movie_n_4323049.html?ir=Entertainment |archivedate= 9 December 2013}}. ''The Huffington Post''.</ref>


==Discography==

{{Main article|Amy Winehouse discography}}


*''[[Frank (Amy Winehouse album)|Frank]]'' (2003)

*''[[Back to Black]]'' (2006)


==Filmography==

*''[[Amy (2015 film)|Amy]]'' (2015)


==References==

{{reflist|30em}}


==Sources==

  • {{cite book|first=Mitch|last=Winehouse|title=Amy, My Daughter|year=2012|publisher=[[HarperCollins]]|isbn=9780062191397|ref=harv}}


==Further reading==

  • {{cite book|title=Loving Amy: A Mother's Story|publisher=[[Random House]]|year=2014|first=Janis|last=Winehouse|isbn=9781473508163}}


==External links==

{{Sister project links|wikt=no|v=no|n=Category:Amy_Winehouse|s=no|b=no|voy=no|species=no|d=Q15897}}

  • {{Official website}}
  • {{Dmoz|Arts/Music/Bands_and_Artists/W/Winehouse%2C_Amy/}}

*[http://www.allmusic.com/artist/amy-winehouse-mn0000627026/biography Amy Winehouse] at [[AllMusic]]

  • {{Guardian topic}}

*[http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/w/amy_winehouse/index.html Amy Winehouse] collected news and commentary at ''[[The New York Times]]''

*[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/culture-obituaries/tv-radio-obituaries/8657048/Amy-Winehouse.html Obituary in ''The Daily Telegraph'']


{{Amy Winehouse|state=expanded}}

{{Grammy Award for Best New Artist}}

{{Grammy Award for Song of the Year 2000s}}

{{Grammy Award for Record of the Year 2000s}}

{{UK best-selling albums (by year) 1990–2009}}

{{Authority control}}


{{good article}}


{{DEFAULTSORT:Winehouse, Amy}}

[[Category:Amy Winehouse| ]]

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